"We have hit an iceberg, just as the
two of you predicted.
How could you have known?"
- Capt. Malcolm Smith
Congress has poured seven billion dollars
into Project Tic-Toc. A revolutionary new technology intended to
access past and future. The Time Tunnel is not quite ready despite a
decade of work and Senator Clark declares his intention to cut
funding and abandon the project. To prove the concept, Dr. Tony
Newman prematurely enters the Time Tunnel, and the project head, Doug
Phillips, must go back to save him as they both fight for survival on
the sinking Titanic.
Director: Irwin Allen
Writer: Shimon Wincelberg / Harold Jack Bloom
Guest starring: Michael Rennie, Susan
Hampshire, Gary Merrill, Don Knight, Michael Haynes, John Winston,
Brett Parker, Wesley Lau, Gerald Michenaud
The elevators used in Tic-Toc came from
the Metaluna set seen in This Island Earth (1955). The scenes of the
Time Tunnel underground complex are the same as those in Forbidden
Planet representing one of the service columns in the giant Krell
machine buried under the surface of Altair IV.
The sound effect heard when the Time
Tunnel is powering up was used in many Twentieth Century-Fox
productions. Among others, the effect was used for both the Jupiter
II from the Lost in Space (1965) series and Charlton Heston's
spaceship in Planet of the Apes (1968).
The car in which they travel from the
senator's jet and that disappears into the ground on the way to
Tic-Toc is a 1965 Imperial LeBaron, made by Chrysler Corp.
Captain of the Titanic was not named
Malcolm Smith. His name was Edward John Smith (1850 - 1912) and he
did die when the ship sank.
Actor Dennis Hopper is seen in the
background after Tony appears on the deck of the Titanic; and just
after Doug helps the little boy into a lifeboat. Hopper can be seen
behind Doug disguised as a woman. At least three scenes were shot
with Hopper, but were cut before the show aired.
In the wireless room when Doug tries to
explain to the Captain the ship will sink, a photograph of the
Titanic can be seen. This picture was taken by a private photographer
and not released until after the sinking.
The edition of the N.Y. Sentinel
newspaper's headline refers to the S.S. Titanic. "SS" is a
designation for American merchant vessels. The term "Royal Mail
Steamer" is the proper designation for British merchant vessels
and Titanic was officially "RMS Titanic."
Just prior to the iceberg collision,
Captain Smith is given a drink that appears to be alcoholic, but he
was well known to never drink while at sea despite myths.
one point, Doug tells Captain Smith that the Titanic only has enough
lifeboats "for 750 people"; in reality, the Titanic's 20
lifeboats (16 wooden and 4 "collapsible") had space for a
total of 1, 178 people. The estimated 704 to 715 actual Titanic
survivors did not represent the total number that could have been
saved had each and every lifeboat been filled to capacity. Lack of
proper lifeboat drills, poor communication between crew and
passengers, hesitation of some passengers to get into a lifeboat
early on, and a host of other unfortunate issues contributed to many
lifeboats being launched that fateful night with far less people than
they could have carried.
The Captain says there are only about
2,300 souls on board. There is no conclusive number of people on-board,
but the estimate is there were 2,435 passengers and 892 crew for a
total of 3,327.
When Doug comes on board the Titanic, he
exits the boiler room. The room has a sign on the door reading
"authorized personnel only". But being a ship from the
United Kingdom, it should have been spelled "authorised".
Ragtime music is repeatedly played on the
expensive upper decks of the Titanic. Such music would have been
considered far too lowbrow. In fact, music on the Titanic was
provided by a classical string ensemble.
Shortly after the Captain has released
Tony and Doug, the two scientists hurry down a narrow corridor. A
boom mike can be seen hovering under a header above a flight of
stairs as the two approach them.
One Way to the Moon
September 16, 1966
"Let's face it Colonel, if we don't
get them off the ship, we're all gonna die."
- Astronaut Beard
Doug and Tony escape death aboard the
Titanic land land 10 years in the future on board the Mars Excursion
Module during liftoff. Their extra weight endangers the mission and
the crew suspects the time travellers are spies. The real spy turns
out to a crewman named Beard who, ten years in the past at Project
TicToc, attempted to sabotage the Time Tunnel.
Director: Harry Harris
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Warren Stevens, Larry
Ward, James Callahan, Barry Kelley, Ben Cooper, Ross Elliott, Dick
Tufeld, Wesley Lau
The mission control voice is provided by
Dick Tufeld, who also voiced the Robot in Lost in Space (1965),
another Irwin Allen production.
The uniform patches worn by the MEM crew
are the same patches worn by the "Spindrift" crew in Land
of the Giants (1968), another Irwin Allen production. They were also
used as insignia for the uniforms worn by members of
"Galaxy" organization, in the film Our Man Flint (1966).
Much of the spacewalking and moonwalking
scenes are re-used footage from the 1950 George Pal film Destination
Fires are shown burning on the moon,
Astronauts hear and react to objects falling on the moon and when the
fuel depot explodes, here is a huge noise. The Moon has no atmosphere
to sustain flames or to carry the sound.
rocket shown on the launch pad and during the early part of the
flight is vastly different from the one shown later in the flight and
for the moon landing. Initially, it's mostly white with a blunt nose,
multiple engines and no fins. Later, it dark-colored, with a pointed
nose cone, a single engine and large fins.
During the fight scene between the
saboteur and Tony at the supply outpost, their oxygen tanks change
back and forth between realistic ones (cylindrical) and fake painted
boxes between shots.
The Project: Tic-Toc Time Tunnel base is a
US Government operation based in Arizona. Why would the Sargeant
trying to arrest a saboteur be armed with a German MP 40 from World
End of the World
September 23, 1966
"I agree with the General. I think we
should gamble on it."
- Dr. Ann MacGregor
Doug and Tony escape the moon only to
materialize in an old mine shaft in 1910, when Halley's Comet is
about to pass by the earth. Tony is caught in a cave-in with nearly
two hundred miners, while Doug is unable to get help because a local
astronomer has everyone in a panic, having convinced them they're all
doomed because of the comet.
Director: Sobey Martin / William Welch
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Paul Fix, Paul Carr,
Gregory Morton, Nelson Leigh, Robert Adler, James Westerfield
Midway through the episode, as technicians
enter the time tunnel, they leave vertical shadows on the rear of the
tunnel, thus revealing that the back end of the tunnel is a painting.
The shadow of some equipment (possibly the
boom mic) appears on the wall behind Tony when he first confronts the sheriff.
Although Halley's Comet is visible to the
eye during its periodic visits to the inner solar system, it does not
appear to the naked eye as a huge ball of fire, as portrayed in
"End of the World".
According to the Halley family, their name
is actually pronounced Hall-Lee not Hail-Lee.
No astronomer in 1910 could possibly have
miscalculated a collision with Halley's Comet. Even at its closest,
it was nearly 14 million miles from Earth.
If, as this story suggests, it was
believed in 1910 that Halley's comet was heading straight to destroy
earth, there would have been contemporaneous records of an impending
tragedy by way of newspapers, radio broadcasts, etc, which would have
been accessible today (or at least in 1966 when this was made). There
aren't any in existence, so the story of such an historical scenario
does not make sense.
The Day the Sky Fell In
September 30, 1966
"Or there's the possibility that if
our Tony dies in 1941, little Tony might cease to exist. We've got
get them both out! Both Tony's!"
- Dr. Ann MacGregor
It's December 6th, 1941, and Dr. Tony
Newman confronts his own past at Pearl Harbor and goes to find his
father, who disappeared during the bombing. Tic Tic Project staff
realize that if the young Tony (who was also present at Pearl Harbor)
isn't rescued, then "their" Tony will vanish from history.
Director: William Hale
Writer: Ellis St. Joseph
Guest starring: Linden Chiles, Lew Gallo,
Bob Okazaki, Jerri Fujikawa, Shuji J. Nozawa, Caroline Kido, Susan
Flannery, Sheldon Golomb, Frankie Kabott, Patrick Culliton, Robert Riordan
flag outside of the Japanese headquarters is a modern design. The
flag in use during World War 2 has red rays emanating from the center circle.
Tony told Captain Smith that he was born
in 1938. However, in this episode, he tells Doug that he was seven
years old on December 7, 1941, the day that Pearl Harbor was attacked.
Tony tells Doug that his father was a
Lieutenant Commander. However, when Commander Newman walks into the
Neal home in dress uniform, his insignia tells us that he is a full Commander.
During the attack, Tony is knocked out by
a flying piece of debris and is shown lying flat on his back. A few
minutes later, just as he regains consciousness, he's lying face-down
and on the other side of the street.
When Tony and Doug are leaving the house
at gunpoint it is getting dark outside, yet next when the Time Tunnel
view shows the ships at sea it is clearly daylight.
Scenes of the attack viewed through the
tunnel are black and white while all other scenes are in color. Why
would just these be in black and white? It appears the Time Tunnel
could only see black and white stock footage.
The Last Patrol
October 7, 1966
"The trouble is history doesn't
always record everything.
Like, two anonymous suspected spies,
executed in the wilderness."
- Dr. Doug Phillips
In 1815 one of the final battles of the
War of 1812 was fought near New Orleans, Lousiana. Doug and Tony
materialize behind British lines and soon find themselves in the
custody of Colonel Southall, a man history records as "The
Butcher" because of a disastrous mistake of sending his men into
the strongest flank of the American forces. Meanwhile, Southall's
descendant, a general in the modern British Army, visits the TicToc.
General Phil Southall insists on returning to the past. He's dying of
cancer, and Kirk reluctantly grants the general, an old friend, his
last request. After travel through the Time Tunnel, Southall helps
Doug escape and then confronts his ancestor.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Carroll O'Connor, John
Napier, Michael Pate, David Watson, John Winston
When Gen. Phil Southall is transferred
back to 1815, he is shown moving through the time vortex. Throughout
the run of the series, more than a dozen characters are transferred
by the Tunnel, but this is the only time that anyone other than Tony
and Doug is shown in the vortex. The others just disappear from one
time and appear in another.
The British 7th Regiment was never part of
the British order of battle that faught at the Battle of New Orleans,
however, the Scottish troops depicted were the 93rd Highlanders and
they did fight, taking frightful casualties.
The Battle of New Orleans occurred on
January 8th 1815, not on January 7th as said in this episode. The
Battle of New Orleans actually occurred after the end of the War of
1812. The Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24th, 1814.
While wearing the correct insignia, Phil
Southall should be referred to as simply Brigadier. The British Army
eliminated the rank of Brigadier General in 1921, replacing it with
Brigadier a few years later. Note that the British do not refer to
Brigadiers as a Generals Officer. The American Army still has
Crack of Doom
October 14, 1966
"The time warp, obviously. Tony came
back with such great acceleration, he was able to do all these things
in between two beats of a microsecond of time."
- Dr. Raymond Swain
On the island of Krakatoa in 1883, time
travelers Doug and Tony try to convince a British scientist that the
volcano is about to erupt in one of history's biggest explosions. The
eruption destroyed the island, encircled the globe with ash, and
caused a tsunami that killed more than 36,000.
Director: William Hale
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Ellen Burstyn, Torin
Thatcher, Victor Lundin, George Matsui
Revenge of the Gods
October 21, 1966
"Ulysses may think we are gods but
apparently in ancient Greece the gods were drafted in the army."
- Dr. Tony Newman
Doug and Tony are transported to 1200 BC
in the middle of the war between Greeks and Trojans. They are
captured by Ulysses' men and their knowledge of history makes Ulysses
believe that they are gods from the Olympus. When Doug is captured by
the traitor Sardis and brought to Troy, he meets Helen. Meanwhile
Tony "inspires" the construction of the Trojan Horse and
joins the team that will break in Troy inside the horse to rescue
Helen and Doug.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Allan Balter / William Read Woodfield
Guest starring: John Doucette, Dee
Hartford, Paul Carr, Joseph Ruskin, Kevin Hagen, Abraham Sofaer,
The footage where the Trojan people bring
in the Trojan Horse comes from the 1956 movie, Helen of Troy.
The sub machine gun that MSgt Jigs takes
back in time is an MP-40 Schmeiser. This was used by German soldiers
in the 2nd World War.
This episode is told from the Roman
mythology of the Trojan War. In this version Odysseus becomes Ulysses
and the Greek gods Zeus, Hera, Athena and Aphrodite are referred to
as their later Roman equivalents: Jupiter, Juno, Minerva and Venus.
In a another part of the Roman mythology, the decedents of those who
survived and escaped Troy went on to found the Roman Empire.
The opening scenes of battle are from the
1962 movie "The 300 Spartans".
Mounted warriors are shown using saddles
with stirrups. Saddles did not come into use in Europe until 200 B.C.
and stirrups about 650 A.D., 1,000 and 1,850 years respectively after
the events depicted here. The stirrup is what made mounted warriors
practical; around 1200 B.C., horses would have been limited to
drawing war chariots.
No explanation is given for how Tony and
Doug can either understand & speak fluent Ancient Greek, or how
the Ancient Greeks understand and speak fluent English. Universal
The tunic Paris is wearing clearly has a
zipper at the back - an item that had yet to be invented.
The first soldier Tony and Doug meet has
what it looks like an iron sword. The time period is the Greek Golden
Age, and their weapons would be made of bronze.
When the soldier points to Troy, a shot of
the city of Athens is shown instead. Also, Athens is shown as it
would look like in 1966, not during the Trojan War.
The symbols on the shields of Ulysses men
is the Greek capitol "L" for Lakedaemonia (Sparta). Ulysses
was king of Ithaca, not Sparta.
While Sardis and Tony sword-fight in
Ulysses' tent, a large shield is struck by Sardis' sword, scraping
the brown paint off and revealing the white material beneath. Moments
later, in defeat Sardis throws a lance, the shield is intact.
October 28, 1966
"It's no use Tony. He's lost in a
dream of glory."
- Dr. Doug Phillips
Doug and Tony are transported to South
Dakota, near Little Bighorn in the summer of 1876 and witness
soldiers slaughtered by Indians in the middle of the desert. They are
hunted and captured by three Indians; however Doug is rescued by the
Trumpeter Tim that survived the massacre and is bringing a dispatch
from General Crook to General George Armstrong Custer. Custer refuses
to believe Doug's tale while Tony tries to convince Sitting Bull to
approach Custer peacefully. In the end Tony and Doug are forced to
watch as history plays itself.
Director: Murray Golden
Writer: Carey Wilber
Guest starring: Lawrence Montaigne, Joe
Maross, Bruce Mars, George Mitchell, Jim Halferty, Christopher Dark,
John Pickard, Paul Comi, Perry Lopez
Whit Bissell who plays General Kirk
previously played George Armstrong Custer in Cheyenne: The Broken
Joe Maross who plays George Custer was 43
when this episode was filmed. The real George Custer was 35 at the
time of his death in June, 1876.
In this episode the Tunnel scientists are
struggling to fix the exact location of Sitting Bull's camp. The
exact location of the camp was well known in the 1960s.
Tim McGinnis identifies himself as a
trumpeter. In actuality, he'd probably be identified as bugler.
People are usually confused about ranks in
this era. For example, Custer was an officer in the regular army -
the United States Army. During the Civil War, he took leave of
absence to serve in another army - the United States Volunteers - and
rose to the rank of major general of United States Volunteers. When
the volunteers were disbanded after the war he lost that rank but
remained a captain in the United States Army, and was promoted to
lieutenant colonel of the Seventh US Cavalry in 1866. Custer's rank
in the Volunteers was not a brevet rank; it was a substantive rank
just like his rank of Lt. Col. in the regular army. Brevet ranks were
mostly honorary ranks. Lieutenant Colonel George Custer had the
brevet ranks of Brigadier General and Major General in the regular
army, just as Captain Benteen and Captain Tom Custer both had the
brevet rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Officers had the right to be
addressed by their brevet ranks. Thus Lt. Col. George A. Custer was
called "General" and captains Benteen and Tom Custer were
The Battle of the Little Bighorn, known to
the Lakota and other Plains Indians as the Battle of the Greasy Grass
and also commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand. The battle took
place on June 25th26th, 1876, and was an overwhelming victory
for the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Arapaho, who were led by
several major war leaders, including Crazy Horse and Chief Gall. The
U.S. 7th Cavalry, a force of 700 men, suffered a major defeat while
under the command of Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer. Five
of the 7th Cavalry's twelve companies were annihilated and Custer was
killed, as were two of his brothers, a nephew and a brother-in-law.
1875, the President Grant (left) attempted to buy the Black Hills
region from the Sioux. When the Sioux refused to sell, they were
ordered to report to reservations by the end of January, 1876.
Mid-winter conditions made it impossible for them to comply. The
administration labeled them "hostiles" and tasked the Army
with bringing them in. Custer was to command an expedition planned
for the spring, part of a three-pronged campaign.
Custer's 7th Cavalry was originally
scheduled to leave Fort Abraham Lincoln on April 6th, 1876, but on
March 15th he was summoned to Washington to testify at congressional
hearings investigating alleged corruption involving Secretary of War
William W. Belknap. President Grant's brother Orvil and traders
granted monopolies at frontier Army posts and had been selling these
lucrative trading post positions where soldiers were required to make
their purchases. Custer himself had experienced first hand the high
prices being charged at Fort Lincoln. After Custer testified Belknap
was impeached and the case sent to the Senate for trial. The
Congressional investigation had created a serious rift with Grant.
Custer had written articles published anonymously in The New York
Herald that exposed trader post kickback rings and during the
investigation, Custer testified on hearsay evidence that President
Grant's brother Orvil was involved. Grant had also not forgotten that
Custer had once arrested his son Fred for drunkenness. Infuriated,
Grant decided to retaliate by stripping Custer of his command in the
Brig. Gen. Alfred Alfred Terry protested,
saying he had no available officers of rank qualified to replace
Custer. Custer was advised to meet personally with President Grant
before leaving Washington but each request was refused. Finally,
Custer gave up and took a train to Chicago on May 2nd, planning to
rejoin his regiment. A furious Grant ordered Custer arrested for
leaving Washington without permission. The arrest sparked public
outrage and The New York Herald called Grant the "modern
Caesar". Grant relented but insisted that Terry, not Custer,
personally command the expedition. Grant was worried that if the
"Sioux campaign" failed without Custer, then Grant would be
blamed for ignoring the recommendations of senior Army officers to
reinstate Custer. On May 8th, Custer was told that he would lead the
expedition, but only under Terry's direct supervision. Custer planned
to "cut loose" from Terry and operate independently.
the time of Custer's Black Hills expedition in 1874, the level of
conflict and tension between the U.S. and many of the Plains Indians
tribes (including the Lakota Sioux and the Cheyenne) had become
exceedingly high. European-Americans continually broke treaty
agreements and advanced further westward, resulting in violence and
acts of depredation by both sides. To take possession of the Black
Hills (and thus the gold deposits), and to stop Indian attacks, the
U.S. decided to corral all remaining free Plains Indians.
George Armstrong Custer (1839 1876,
right) was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the
American Civil War and the American Indian Wars. Custer graduated
from West Point in 1861 at the bottom of his class, but as the Civil
War was just starting, trained officers were in immediate demand. His
qualities as a cavalry leader were recognized, and he was brevetted
brigadier general of volunteers at age 23. Only a few days after his
promotion, he fought at Gettysburg. In 1864, Custer served in the
Overland Campaign and in Sheridan's army in the Shenandoah Valley.
His division blocked the Army of Northern Virginia's final retreat
and received the first flag of truce from the Confederates, and
Custer was present at Robert E. Lee's surrender to Ulysses S. Grant
at Appomattox. After the war, Custer was appointed a lieutenant
colonel in the Regular Army and was sent west to fight in the Indian
Wars. His dramatic end was as controversial as the rest of his
career, and reaction to his life and career remains deeply divided.
Custer's bold leadership in battle is unquestioned, but his legend
was partly of his own fabrication through his extensive journalism.
Custer has been called a "media personality", and he valued
good public relations and used the print media of his era
effectively. He frequently invited journalists to accompany his
campaigns (one, Associated Press reporter Mark Kellogg, died at the
Little Bighorn), and their favorable reporting contributed to his
high reputation. Public response to the Great Sioux War varied in the
immediate aftermath of the Battle of the Little Bighorn and the
promotion of Custer's reputation continued after his death with the
energetic lobbying of his wife Elizabeth (Libbie) Custer throughout
her long widowhood.
(Libbie) Clift Custer (1842 1933, left) was an American
author and public speaker, and the wife of George Armstrong Custer.
She spent most of their marriage in relatively close proximity to him
despite his numerous military campaigns in the American Civil War and
subsequent postings on the Great Plains as a commanding officer in
the United States Cavalry. Left nearly destitute in the aftermath of
her husband's death, she became an outspoken advocate for his legacy.
She would write several bestselling books about their life on the
wild frontier, this as well as lectures she gave, restored
Custers reputation while also securing for her the financial
security he had failed to provide. Her three books, Boots and Saddles
(1885), Tenting on the Plains (1887), and Following the Guidon (1890)
are generally considered to be largely factually accurate, though
were clearly slanted in George's favor. Her efforts were successful.
The image of a steely General Custer leading his men against
overwhelming odds only to be wiped out while defending their position
to the last man became as much a part of American lore as the Alamo.
Despite having spent her life traveling extensively throughout the
United States and the world, she never visited the valley of Little
Big Horn and later in life stated she was convinced that the indians
were deeply wronged. Elizabeth Custer never remarried and died in her
Park Avenue apartment of a heart attack on April 4th, 1933, only four
days short of her 91st birthday.
married Elizabeth Clift Bacon on February 9th, 1864. Elizabeth was
not initially impressed with him, and her father, Judge Daniel Bacon,
disapproved of Custer as a match because he was the son of a
blacksmith. It was not until well after Custer had been promoted to
the rank of brevet brigadier general that he gained the approval of
In November 1868, following the Battle of
Washita River, Custer was alleged (by Captain Frederick Benteen,
chief of scouts Ben Clark, and Cheyenne oral tradition) to have
unofficially married Mo-nah-se-tah, daughter of the Cheyenne chief
Little Rock in the winter or early spring of 18681869. Cheyenne
oral history tells that she bore a child, fathered by Custer in late
1869. Some historians, however, believe that Custer had become
sterile after contracting gonorrhea while at West Point and that the
father was, in actuality, his brother Thomas. Clarke's description in
his memoirs included the statement, "Custer picked out a fine
looking one and had her in his tent every night."
Custer was quite fastidious in his
grooming. Early in their marriage, Elizabeth wrote, "He brushes
his teeth after every meal. I always laugh at him for it, also for
washing his hands so frequently." The common media image of
Custer's appearance at the Last Stand, buckskin coat and long, curly
blonde hair, is wrong. Although he and several other officers wore
buckskin coats on the expedition, they took them off and packed them
away because it was so hot. According to Soldier, an Arikara scout,
"Custer took off his buckskin coat and tied it behind his
saddle." Further, Custer, whose hair was thinning, joined a
similarly balding Lieutenant Varnum and "had the clippers run
over their heads" before leaving Fort Lincoln.
Battle of the Little Bighorn had far-reaching consequences for the
Natives. It was the beginning of the end of the 'Indian Wars' and has
even been referred to as "the Indians' last stand" in the
area. Within 48 hours of the battle, the large encampment on the
Little Bighorn broke up into smaller groups because there was not
enough game and grass to sustain a large congregation of people and
horses. The scattered Sioux and Cheyenne feasted and celebrated
during July with no threat from soldiers. After their celebrations,
many of the Natives returned to the reservation. Soon the number of
warriors amounted to only about 600.
Both Brig. Gen. George Crook and Brig.
Gen. Alfred Terry remained immobile for seven weeks after the battle,
awaiting reinforcements and unwilling to venture out against the
Sioux and Cheyenne until they had at least 2,000 men. They finally
took the field against the Natives forces in August. General Nelson
A. Miles took command of the effort in October 1876. In May 1877,
Sitting Bull (above left) escaped to Canada. Within days, Crazy Horse
(below right) surrendered at Fort Robinson, Nebraska. The Great Sioux
War ended on May 7th with Miles' defeat of a remaining band of
of the Black Hills, which had been a focal point of the 1876
conflict, was determined by an ultimatum issued by the Manypenny
Commission, according to which the Sioux were required to cede the
land to the United States if they wanted the government to continue
supplying rations to the reservations. Threatened with forced
starvation, the Natives ceded Paha Sapa to the United States, but the
Sioux never accepted the legitimacy of the transaction. They lobbied
Congress to create a forum to decide their claim and subsequently
litigated for 40 years; the United States Supreme Court in the 1980
decision United States v. Sioux Nation of Indians acknowledged that
the United States had taken the Black Hills without just
compensation. The Sioux refused the money subsequently offered and
continue to insist on their right to occupy the land.
The site of the battle was first preserved
as a United States national cemetery in 1879 to protect the graves of
the 7th Cavalry troopers. In 1881, a marble obelisk was erected in
their honor. In 1890, marble blocks were added to mark the places
where the U.S. cavalry soldiers fell. In 1946, it was re-designated
as the Custer Battlefield National Monument, reflecting its
association with Custer. Beginning in the early 1970s, there was
concern within the National Park Service over the name Custer
Battlefield National Monument failing to adequately reflect the
larger history of the battle between two cultures. Congress later
renamed the site the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument.
Nearly 100 years later, ideas about the meaning of the battle have
become more inclusive. The United States government acknowledged that
Native American sacrifices also deserved recognition at the site. The
1991 bill changing the name of the national monument also authorized
an Indian Memorial to be built near Last Stand Hill in honor of
Lakota and Cheyenne warriors. On Memorial Day 1999, in consultation
with tribal representatives, the U.S. added two red granite markers
to the battlefield to note where Native American warriors fell. As of
December 2006, a total of ten warrior markers have been added. The
Indian Memorial, themed "Peace Through Unity" is an open
circular structure that stands 75 yards (69 metres) from the 7th
Cavalry obelisk. Its walls have some of the names of Indians who died
at the site, as well as native accounts of the battle. The open
circle of the structure is symbolic, as for many tribes, the circle
is sacred. The "spirit gate" window facing the Cavalry
monument is symbolic as well, welcoming the dead cavalrymen into the memorial.
"Wow, Mr Peabody, Did you know
Errol Flynn played George
Armstrong Custer in They Died with Their Boots On in 1941"
people say I look like
Errol Flynn, if I had a moustache."
November 11, 1966
"You'd be better off if I killed you
here and now."
Doug and Tony are transported to 1895 to
the French penal colony of the Devil's Island, a prison where
political and criminal prisoners where sent and never leave. The time
travelers are taken into custody as escaped prisoners. They try to
explain the mistake to the Commandant, but their explanations are
rejected. The prisoners decide to help the charismatic Captain Alfred
Dreyfus to escape. Doug and Tony realilize that this is a doomed plan
because historically Dreyfuss never escaped at that time, so taking
him along would doom the success of any escape attempt.
Director: Jerry Hopper
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Marcel Hillaire, Oscar
Beregi Jr, Theodore Marcuse, Ted Roter, Steven Geray, Alain Patrice,
The title references the English name for
the notorious French prison located about 6 nautical miles off the
coast of French Guiana. Operating from 1852 to 1953, the small island
(35 acres) of Île du Diable was the home for 80,000 political
and criminal prisoner's whom mostly were never heard of again.
Theo Marcuse, who plays Lescaux, had
earlier guest starred in a similarly themed episode, The Wild Wild
West: The Night of the Bottomless Pit (1966).
When Tony and Doug jump the guards who are
manning the cannon, one guard punches Doug, who falls back on a large
boulder. The boulder moves several inches when he hits it.
Dr. MacGregor states that the ground
temperature at the Equator is 150 degrees. Ground temperatures along
the Equator during the month of March tend to be in the low to mid 70's.
Reign of Terror
November 18, 1966
"But blast it, he's not an ancestor!
None of my people came from France."
- Lt. Gen. Heywood Kirk
Doug and Tony find themselves during the
French Revolution and become involved in a plot to rescue the doomed
French Queen, Marie Antoinette. Meanwhile, General Kirk and the
Tic-Toc crew send back an irradiated personal ring to Tony and Doug
which they hope will act as a focal point to home in on. Doug and
Tony get the ring, but then reveal themselves to a man who is a
splitting image of Kirk! This French General, Querque, is with the
Revolution and has them arrested. Querque now has the ring and
believes it is the evidence he needs to have Antoinette executed.
Director: William Welch
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: David Opatoshu, Monique
Lemaire, Louis Mercier, Whit Bissell, Patrick Michenaud, Joey Tata
The "Reign of Terror" refers to
a period during the French Revolution after the First French Republic
was established in which multiple massacres and public executions
occurred in response to revolutionary fervor, anti-clerical
sentiment, and frivolous accusations of treason by Maximilien
Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety. Between June 1793 and
the end of July 1794, there were 16,594 official death sentences in
France, of which 2,639 were in Paris.
Marie Antoinette is perhaps best known for
the quote, "Let them eat cake." As the story goes, upon
hearing that the people had no bread to eat around the start of the
French Revolution in 1789, the queen commented "quils
mangent de la brioche". (brioche being a type of fancy French
bread.) However there is no evidence that Marie Antoinette actually
uttered these words, and historians generally agree that such a
heartless comment would have been highly uncharacteristic of the
French queen. Despite her lavish lifestyle, Marie Antoinette gave to
charity and had compassion for her countrys common class. The
remark is generally traced back several decades to a version
involving "la croute de pate" (another kind of French
pastry). The comment was supposedly made by Marie-Therese, a Spanish
princess who married King Louis XIV in 1660.
According to this episode, Marie
Antoinette was executed on October 15th 1793. In fact, it occurred on
At the beginning the scientists are
watching through the tunnel the guillotine blade is being drawn up by
a rope but when the close-up of it being dropped is shown there is no
rope attached to it.
While breaking the Dauphin out of prison,
Tony and Doug each fire their rifles twice, with not more than a
second between shots. But they are muzzle loaders that couldn't have
been fired a second time without reloading.
After they help the Dauphin to escape,
there is a fight in the street outside the prison. At the end of the
fight, one of the guards barely kicks what appears to be a solid,
metal lamp post, and it sways back and forth several inches. Also
during the fight one of the guards is shown lunging at Tony and
actually grabbing hold of him, but in another shot, the guard knocks
into both Tony and Doug.
... 18th Century France
was a victim of circumstance. In her youth, she was a pawn on the
diplomatic chessboard of Europe, as France and Austria attempted to
navigate the complex web of allegiances that shaped the continent in
the wake of the Seven Years War. The 15th child of Holy Roman
Emperor Francis I and the Habsburg empress Maria Theresa, she was
born in Vienna, Austria, in 1755. In 1766, as a way to cement the
relatively new alliance between the French and Habsburg thrones,
Maria Theresa promised her young daughters hand in marriage to
the future king Louis XVI of France. Four years later, Marie
Antoinette (left) and the dauphin were married by proxy in Vienna.
(They were 14 and 16 years old, and they had never met.) On May 16th,
1770, a lavish second wedding ceremony took place in the royal chapel
at Versailles. More than 5,000 guests watched as the two teenagers
were married and many were charmed by Marie, and praised her for her
beauty. But, life as a public figure was not easy for Marie
Antoinette. Her marriage was difficult and, as she had very few
official duties, she spent most of her time socializing and indulging
in the extravagance of French court life while her husband, shied
away from public affairs. The couple would not consummate their
marriage until seven years after their wedding and this became a
popular matter of discussion and ridicule both at court and among the public.
Louis XV died on May 10th 1774 after contracting smallpox. Marie,
who was not yet 19 years old, became Queen of France when her husband
inherited the throne as King Louis XVI (right). The new Kings
inability to consummate his marriage and the queens resultant
childlessness inspired rivals, including the kings own
brothers, who stood to inherit the throne if she did not produce a
legitimate heir, to circulate slanderous reports of her alleged
extramarital affairs. These vilifications culminated in the Affair of
the Diamond Necklace (1785), in which the queen was unjustly accused
of having formed an immoral relationship with a cardinal. The scandal
discredited the monarchy and encouraged the nobles to vigorously
oppose all the financial reforms advocated by the kings
ministers. This incident was all the more unfortunate for the
queens reputation because, since the birth of her daughter Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte
in December 1778 and of the dauphin Louis in October 1781, she led a
quieter and more conventional life. Her second son, the future Louis
XVII, was born in March 1785.
France experienced poor harvests during
the 1780s, which consequently increased the price of grain, and the
government faced mounting financial difficulties. As a result,
Maries lavish lifestyle at court came under attack. Widely
circulated newspapers and inexpensive pamphlets poked fun at the
queens profligate behavior and spread outlandish, even
pornographic rumors about her. Before long, it had become fashionable
to blame Marie Antoinette for all of Frances problems. In fact,
the nations difficulties were not the young queens fault.
Eighteenth-century colonial wars, particularly the American
Revolution, in which the French had intervened on behalf of the
colonists, had created a tremendous debt for the French state. The
people who owned most of the property in France, such as the Catholic
Church and the nobility, generally did not have to pay taxes on their
wealth; ordinary people, on the other hand, felt squeezed by high
taxes and resentful of the royal familys conspicuous spending.
Louis XVI and his advisers tried to impose a more representative
system of taxation, but the nobility resisted. The popular press
blamed Marie Antoinette for this and as conditions worsened for
ordinary French people, many became convinced that the monarchy and
the nobility were conspiring against them. Marie Antoinette continued
to be a convenient target for their rage. Cartoonists and
pamphleteers depicted her as an "Austrian whore" doing
everything she could to undermine the French nation. These pamphlets
falsely accused her of masturbating profusely, holding orgies,
fornicating with her brother-in-law and having lesbian relationships
with Madame du Barry.
October 1789, a mob of Parisian women protesting the high cost of
bread and other goods marched to Versailles, dragged the entire royal
family back to the city, and imprisoned them in the Tuileries. In
June 1791, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette fled Paris and headed for
the Austrian border, where, rumor had it, the queens brother,
the Holy Roman Emperor, waited with troops ready to invade France,
overthrow the revolutionary government and restore the power of the
monarchy and the nobility. This incident, it seemed to many, was
proof that the queen was a traitor. The royal family was returned to
Paris and Louis XVI was restored to the throne. However, many
revolutionaries began to argue that the most insidious enemies of the
state were not the nobles but the monarchs themselves. In April 1792,
partly as a way to test the loyalties of the king and queen, the
Jacobin (radical revolutionary) government declared war on Austria.
The French army was in a shambles and the war did not go well, a turn
of events that many blamed on the foreign-born queen. In August,
another mob stormed the Tuileries, overthrew the monarchy and locked
the family in a tower. In September, revolutionaries began to
massacre royalist prisoners by the thousands. One of Marie
Antoinettes best friends, the Princesse de Lamballe, was
dismembered in the street, and revolutionaries paraded her head and
body parts through Paris.
The king and queen were now under arrest,
the National Convention ordered that the monarchy be abolished, and
France was officially declared a republic. On September 21st 1792,
the Legislative Assembly in France voted for the monarchy to be
abolished. In December, Louis XVI was put on trial for treason; in
January, he was executed. By October, a month into the infamous and
bloody Reign of Terror that claimed tens of thousands of French
lives, Marie Antoinette was put on trial for treason and theft, as
well as a false and disturbing charge of sexual abuse against her own
son. After the two-day trial, an all-male jury found Marie Antoinette
guilty on all charges and she was sent to the guillotine. She was 37
Maries guillotined body was hurled
into an unmarked grave in the cemetery of Leglise de la
Madeleine in Paris. The bodies of Louis XVI and Marie were later
discovered during the restoration of the monarchy in France in the
early 19th century. Their remains were properly reburied at the
Basilica of St Denis on January 21st 1815.
"Wow, Mr Peabody, Marie Antoinette
could have avoided the whole revolution if shed simply issued
an edict to distribute bread amongst the poor. But then, she
couldnt have had her desert."
"You know what they say Sherman,
you cant have your cake and edict, too."
November 25, 1966
"I'm beginning to feel strange."
- Dr. Tony Newman
Doug and Tony are transported to Russia on
June 16th 1956. They receive an F-5 probe from the Time Tunnel
personnel with the message telling them to contact a double agent
named Alexis, pose as defecting scientists and to find out about
Project A-13. They discover that Professor Anton Biraki has built a
Russian Time Tunnel very similar to theirs, and they have been
assigned to pilot a capsule in the first time travel experiment.
Meanwhile Doug determines the project is doomed to fail.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Theodore Apstein
Guest starring: Nehemiah Persoff, Michael
Ansara, Gregory Gay, Russell Conway, Kevin Hagen
In the teaser, Doug looks at a discarded
newspaper and says, "Today is June 16th, 1956." They then
go to meet Alexis at midnight. That would then make it June 17th
after that. But all references to the date in the remainder of the
show say that it is still June 16th.
When Doug and Tony first meet Alexis, Tony
asks, "How did you know our names?", but his lips are not moving.
Even though it is said it takes places in
Russia, the opening scene where you can see mosques and minarets is
Istanbul, Turkey. It is most famous scene of historical peninsula in Istanbul.
Most of the Cyrillic signage does not
spell anything, it is just gibberish.
The Death Trap
November 25, 1966
"All right! Get back! Don't take
another step, neither one of you.
I came here to kill Lincoln, and if i have
to get you too, I'll do it."
- Jeremiah Gebhardt
Doug and Tony are transported to February
1861 to a barn where a group of conspirators leaded by Jeremiah plots
a plan to kill Abraham Lincoln, but they are surprised by a raid of
governmental agents. Tony flees with Jeremiah and his brother Matthew
while Doug is arrested by Pinkerton's men. The fanatic Jeremiah has
prepared a time-bomb to blow up Lincoln's train who is enroute to his
inauguration. If they succeed the course of history and the Civil War
will be altered.
Director: William Hale
Writer: Leonard Stadd
Guest starring: Scott Marlowe, Tom
Skerritt, Ford Rainey, R.G. Armstrong, Christopher Harris
Allan Pinkerton actually did foil an
assassination plot while Lincoln was en route from Baltimore to
Washington, D.C. for his inauguration in February 1861. Pinkerton's
agency solved a series of train robberies during the 1850s, first
bringing Pinkerton into contact with George McClellan, then Chief
Engineer and Vice President of the Illinois Central Railroad, and
Abraham Lincoln, the company's lawyer.
Guest star Tom Skerritt has appeared in
more than forty films and more than two hundred television episodes
since 1962. He is known for his film roles in M*A*S*H, Alien, The
Dead Zone, Top Gun, A River Runs Through It, Up in Smoke, and the
television series Picket Fences. Other television work incudes:
Twelve O'Clock High, Gunsmoke, The Real McCoys, Bonanza, Death Valley
Days, Cheers and My Favorite Martian with Ray Walston who was a
regular cast member 30 years later on Picket Fences. Skerritt has
earned several nominations and awards, including a Primetime Emmy
Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series in 1993 for Picket Fences.
While being tied up by Matthew, Tony is
arguing with Jeremiah, who backhands him across the face. But
Jeremiah raises his right hand, then the camera angle changes to show
him hitting Tony with his left hand.
The Ford's Theater assassination is
depicted inaccurately. Only Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd are
depicted as being in the audience at the presidential box, whereas
Major Henry Rathbone and Clara Harris were accompanying them in real
life. The theater is portrayed as being lit, when it would have been
darkened for the performance of Our American Cousin.
Most of John Brown's men had been killed
or captured before 1861. The few who remained at large would have
been too weakened and demoralized to take part in a high-profile act
of terrorism that could easily have led to their capture, especially
when war was already almost inevitable.
Baltimore Plot was an alleged conspiracy in late February 1861 to
assassinate President-elect Abraham Lincoln en route to his
inauguration. Allan Pinkerton (left), founder of the Pinkerton
National Detective Agency, played a key role by managing Lincoln's
security throughout the journey. Though scholars debate whether or
not the threat was real, clearly Lincoln and his advisors believed
that there was a threat and took actions to ensure his safe passage
through Baltimore, Maryland.
On November 6th, 1860, Lincoln was elected
as the 16th President of the United States, a Republican, and the
first to be elected from that party. Shortly after his election, many
representatives of southern states made it clear that the
Confederacy's secession from the U.S. was inevitable, which greatly
increased tension across the nation. A plot to assassinate Lincoln in
Baltimore was alleged, and he ultimately arrived secretly in
Washington, D.C. on February 23rd, 1861.
Pinkerton was commissioned by the railroad
to provide security for the president-elect on his journey to
Washington, D.C. Maryland was a slave state with strong Southern
sympathies and therefore potentially dangerous for the president-elect
to pass through. When Virginia seceded and joined the Confederacy,
it became necessary for Lincoln to cross Maryland to reach Washington.
On February 11th, 1861, President-elect
Lincoln boarded an east-bound train in Springfield, Illinois at the
start of a whistle-stop tour of 70 towns and cities ending with his
inauguration in Washington, D.C. Pinkerton had been hired by railroad
officials to investigate suspicious activities along Lincoln's route
through Baltimore and became convinced that a plot existed to ambush
Lincoln's carriage. Pinkerton tried to persuade Lincoln to cancel his
stop at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and proceed secretly straight
through Baltimore, but Lincoln insisted upon keeping to his schedule.
On the evening of February 22nd, telegraph
lines to Baltimore were cut at Pinkerton's behest to prevent
communications from passing between potential conspirators in
Pennsylvania and Maryland. Meanwhile, Lincoln left Harrisburg on a
special train and arrived secretly in Baltimore in the middle of the
night. The most dangerous link in the journey was in Baltimore, where
a city ordinance prohibited night-time rail travel through the
downtown area. Therefore, the railcars had to be horsedrawn between
the President Street and Camden Street stations.
to Pinkerton, a captain of the roads reported that there was a plot
to stab the President-elect. The alleged plan was to have several
assassins, armed with knives, interspersed throughout the crowd that
would gather to greet Lincoln at the President Street station. When
Lincoln emerged from the car, which he had to do to change trains, at
least one of the assassins would be able to get close enough to kill him.
On the afternoon of February 23rd,
Lincoln's scheduled train arrived at Calvert Street Station in
Baltimore. The large crowd that gathered at the station to see the
president-elect quickly learned that Lincoln had already passed by.
Even though the rest of the Lincoln party, including Mrs. Lincoln and
the children, had been on this train as originally scheduled, they
had already alighted from the train in an unscheduled stop several
blocks north of the President Street station.
Pinkerton had undercover agents gathering
and supplying information which helped convince him that there was a
plot to assassinate Lincoln in Baltimore. This included Pinkerton
agents Harry W. Davies and Timothy Webster, and female Pinkerton
agents Kate Warne (the agencies first female detective part of
Pinkerton's Female Detective Bureau, formed in 1860) and Hattie Lawton.
Lincoln was hesitant to pay the threat any
mind but eventually, Pinkerton convinced him that he must take
caution, and thus they established a plan to deliver him safely to
the White House. Warne organized most of it. She handled securing the
last car on the train so they could get him easily on and off.
Disguising Lincoln as her invalid brother. They made him stooped and
walk with a cane and threw a big coat over him. There were two
detectives on the train with him. Warne accompanied the 16th
president on most of his journey, reportedly not sleeping for one
second all night. "We never Sleep" would become the
Kate Warne (1830 - 1868) was the first
known female detective, working for famed detective Allan Pinkerton
from 1856 until her death in 1868, at age 35 of pneumonia. She is
buried in Pinkerton's employee lot in Graceland Cemetery in Chicago,
where the firm was based (under the name of Kate Warn). Most of the
information about her life comes from Pinkerton's writings about her,
obituaries, and a few scattered reports. Almost all of Pinkerton's
files were destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.
describes her as being a "commanding person, with clear cut,
expressive features. A slender, brown-haired woman, graceful in her
movements and self-possessed."
Warne was left as a young childless widow
in search of work and responded to an ad in a local newspaper from
the Chicago office of the Pinkerton Detective Agency. There is still
debate whether or not she walked in with intentions to become a
detective or just a secretary. Women were not detectives until well
after the Civil War. Pinkerton himself claimed that Kate Warne came
into his agency and demanded to become a detective. According to
Pinkerton's records, he was surprised to learn Kate was not looking
for clerical work, but was actually answering an advertisement for
detectives. At the time, such a concept was unheard of. According to
Pinkerton, Warne's arguments about the advantages of having a female
detective convinced him employe her as the first female detective in America.
During Warne's tenure at Pinkerton's, she
worked on several important cases including the Adams Express Company
embezzlement case and was also instrumental in working on the Wild
Rose spy case. Additionally, she oversaw Pinkerton's women's
department and managed his D.C. office during the Civil War. She
posed as Pinkertons wife while collecting crucial military
intelligence during the War. She became Mrs. Potter, who coaxed a
confession out of a murderers wife in Mississippi. She became
Lucille, a fortune teller who unveiled a plot to poison a man named
Captain Sumner. She became Kay, Kitty and Angie, so many names that
historians are unsure which actual cases belonged to her.
Warne would go on to become the head of a
new branch of female detectives paving the way for Pinkerton to hire
other women detectives. Her obituary was published across the country
and even in England and Scotland. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B.
Anthony, Matilda J. Gage and Ida H. Harper included a reference to
her in their seminal work, History of Woman Suffrage. Warne was a
trailblazer at a time when most women were considered to be little
more than property of their husbands, she broke barriers and pushed boundaries.
Cipriano Ferrandini was a hairdresser from
Corsica who emigrated to the United States, and established himself
as the long-time barber and hairdresser in the basement of Barnum's
Hotel in Baltimore was accused but never indicted for plotting to
assassinate Abraham Lincoln in 1861.
Many historians believe that Pinkerton's
perception of an assassination plot was incorrect. In the 1891 book
Recollections of President Lincoln and his Administration, author
L.E. Chittenden argues that there was no need for any precautions,
such as a disguise, because Lincoln "entered the
sleepingcar at Philadelphia, and slept until awakened within a
few miles of Washington." That account contradicts other
firsthand accounts, which state that Lincoln spent a sleepless and
anxious night with Lamon and Pinkerton, during which he "spoke
in a quiet voice to avoid being noticed."
Whether or not the president-elect was
ever in any real danger of being assassinated, Lincoln's efforts to
reach Washington, D.C., safely instantly became a humiliating cause
celebre across the nation, much to his chagrin, and newspapers
lampooned Lincoln for slipping through Baltimore in the dead of
night. For the rest of his presidency, the story of his sneaking like
a coward through Baltimore would be told and retold by his enemies
and political cartoons about the incident plagued Lincoln throughout
In 1951, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM)
released a fictional re-creation of the alleged plot against Lincoln,
The Tall Target. Its story generally follows what is known about the
Baltimore Plot, with some differences. It is a New York Police
Department detective named John Kennedy, played by Dick Powell, who
contacts the administration about the conspiracy and boards the train
hoping to discover whether any of the plotters are on board before
they reach Baltimore. Kennedy discovers a plot that involves a riot
to distract police protection away from Lincoln and a sharpshooter
armed with a rifle with a telescopic sight to shoot the
president-elect. Through Kennedy's efforts, the attempt is aborted
and key members of the conspiracy are identified.
There actually was an NYPD officer, John
Alexander Kennedy, who claimed to have been the one who uncovered the
Baltimore Plot; but, unlike Powell's movie character, he was not
actually on scene. Moreover, in real life, Kennedy was the
superintendent of the entire force. In the film, he is depicted as a
mere detective sergeant.
The Time Tunnel episode takes place in
February 1861 and depicts a bomb being used in the plot and has the
attempt being plotted by Abolitionists, who hope to plunge the nation
into a war in which slavery will be ended; the plotters are apparent
sympathizers with John Brown, who had already been hanged. In
reality, the American Civil War actually began in April 1861, with
the attack on Fort Sumter.
"Wow, Mr Peabody,
Kate Warne working for Pinkerton's was
just like Charlie's Angles."
"You know Sherman, I think
you watch too much TV."
December 9, 1966
"It's not nonsence. It's history!"
- Lt. Gen. Heywood Kirk
Tony and Doug arrive at the Alamo on March
6th, 1836 - the day Santa Ana wiped out the defenders. The two make
it to the fort, but are put into custody when Alamo commander Colonel
Travis decides they must be spies and orders them imprisoned.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Rhodes Reason, John
Lupton, Edward Colmans, Alberto Monte, Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr, Elizabeth Rogers
The episode features the Mission San
Antonio de Valero in San Antonio, Texas that was built in the 17th
century to convert the native Americans to Christianity. By 1800 the
mission had been abandoned and was used as a garrison before the
Texas soldiers occupied the building prior to the historic battle in
1836 which resulted in the cry of "Remember the Alamo!"
While Sgt. Garcia (above) is talking to
Tony, we can see that his bandolier contains metal-cased cartridges.
That type of ammunition would not be developed until more than a
decade later, and it would be much longer before it would become
available to the Mexican army. In addition, it would be useless with
the muzzle-loading flintlock weapon he was carrying.
Just after Tony and Doug arrive, an
officer tells them that Davy Crockett was killed
"yesterday", but during the climactic battle, we see him
twice. The first time shortly after Doug fires the rifle, and then
again just after Tony and Doug transfer out.
When Doug and Tony materialise outside the
fort, that side of The Alamo has a large hill a few hundred yards in
front of the gate, but later when The Mexicans start to over-run the
fort, that side is completely flat outside when the cavalry and
soldiers run across that area.
Although they say there were no survivors,
there actually were. No white males survived the actual battle, but
at least 12 couriers that left prior to the final battle did survive.
In addition there were many female, Native American, black, and/or
children that survived. No accurate count seems to be available though.
Although the battle happens in the late
afternoon in this episode, the actual final assault at the Alamo
began early in the morning just after 5:30 am and ending around 6:30 am.
When Rodriguez offers Tony the wine, he
says that they took it from the American merchants who abandoned it
when they left. At this time Texas was an independent country. The
merchants would have been Texan, not American.
The Battle of the Alamo (February 23rd to
March 6th, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution.
Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna reclaimed the Alamo Mission near San
Antonio de Bexar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas, United States),
killing the Texian and immigrant occupiers. Santa Anna's cruelty
during the battle inspired many Texians, both legal Texas settlers
and illegal immigrants from the United States, to join the Texian
Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texians defeated the
Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on April 21st, 1836,
ending the rebellion.
Several months previously, Texians had
driven all Mexican troops out of Mexican Texas. About 100 Texians
were then garrisoned at the Alamo. The garrison was woefully
undermanned and underprovisioned. Colonel James C. Neill, the acting
Alamo commander, wrote to the provisional government and requested
additional troops and supplies. The Texian government was in turmoil
and unable to provide much assistance. Four different men claimed to
have been given command over the entire army. Neill approached one of
them, Sam Houston, for assistance in gathering supplies, clothing,
and ammunition. Houston could not spare the number of men necessary
to mount a successful defense. Instead, he sent Colonel James Bowie
(below center) with 30 men to remove the artillery from the Alamo and
destroy the complex. Bowie was unable to transport the artillery
since the Alamo garrison lacked the necessary draft animals and Neill
soon persuaded Bowie that the location held strategic importance. In
a letter to Governor Henry Smith, Bowie argued that "the
salvation of Texas depends in great measure on keeping Bexar out of
the hands of the enemy". The letter to Smith ended, "Colonel
Neill and myself have come to the solemn resolution that we will
rather die in these ditches than give it up to the enemy." Bowie
also wrote to the provisional government, asking for "men,
money, rifles, and cannon powder". Few reinforcements were
authorized; cavalry officer William B. Travis (below left, in a
sketch by Wyly Martin, the only known likeness of Travis drawn during
his lifetime), arrived in Bexar
with 30 men on February 3rd. Five days later, a small group of
volunteers arrived, including the famous frontiersman and former U.S.
Congressman David Crockett of Tennessee (below right).
On February 11th, Neill left the Alamo,
determined to recruit additional reinforcements and gather supplies.
He transferred command to Travis, the highest-ranking regular army
officer in the garrison. Volunteers comprised much of the garrison,
and they were unwilling to accept Travis as their leader. The men
instead elected Bowie, who had a reputation as a fierce fighter, as
their commander. Bowie celebrated by getting very intoxicated and
creating havoc in Bexar. To mitigate the resulting ill feelings,
Bowie agreed to share command with Travis.
As the Texians struggled to find men and
supplies, Santa Anna continued to gather men at San Luis Potosi; by
the end of 1835 his army numbered 6,019 soldiers. On February 23rd
the Mexicans marched into San Antonio de Bexar as the first step in a
campaign to retake Texas. For the next 10 days, the two armies
engaged in several skirmishes with minimal casualties. Aware that his
garrison could not withstand an attack by such a large force, Travis
wrote multiple letters pleading for more men and supplies from Texas
and from the United States. The United States had a treaty with
Mexico, and supplying any men or weapons would have been an overt act
In the early morning hours of March 6th,
the Mexican Army advanced on the Alamo. After repelling two attacks,
the Texians were unable to fend off a third attack. As Mexican
soldiers scaled the walls, most of the Texian fighters withdrew into
interior buildings. Occupiers unable to reach these points were slain
by the Mexican cavalry as they attempted to escape. Between five and
seven Texians may have surrendered; if so, they were quickly
executed. Most eyewitness accounts reported between 182 and 257
Texians died, while most historians of the Alamo agree that around
600 Mexicans were killed or wounded. Several noncombatants were sent
to Gonzales to spread word of the Texian defeat. The news sparked
both a strong rush to join the Texian army and a panic, known as
"The Runaway Scrape", in which the Texian army, most
settlers, and the new, self-proclaimed but officially unrecognized,
Republic of Texas government fled eastward toward the United States
ahead of the advancing Mexican Army.
Within Mexico, the battle has often been
overshadowed by events from the MexicanAmerican War of
184648. In 19th-century Texas, the Alamo complex gradually
became known as a battle site rather than a former mission. The Texas
Legislature purchased the land and buildings in the early part of the
20th century and designated the Alamo chapel as an official Texas
State Shrine. The Alamo has been the subject of numerous non-fiction
works beginning in 1843. Most Americans, however, are more familiar
with the myths and legends spread by many of the movie and television
adaptations, including the 1950s Disney mini-series Davy Crockett and
John Wayne's 1960 film The Alamo.
"Wow, Mr Peabody, I thought The Alamo was just a car rental
"You know Sherman, sometimes
I worry about todays youth."
Night of the Long Knives
December 16, 1966
- Hara Singh
Doug and Tony land in nineteenth century
Asia, meet Rudyard Kipling and become involved in the conflict
between the British and local tribesman for control of the Khyber
Pass. Tony is shot by Afghani tribesmen and left for dead, and they
then take Doug prisoner. Doug is taken before Singh, the head of the
Afghanis fighting against the British in 1876, while Rudyard Kipling
rescues Tony and takes him to the English fort. The Afghanis are
preparing for a massive attack on the English, the "Night of the
Director: Paul Stanley
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Malachi Throne, David
Watson, Perry Lopez, George Keymas, Brendan Dillon, Peter Brocco, Ben
Wright, Dayton Lummis
This episode features veteran actor
Malachi Throne playing a fictional character named Hara Singh. The
character is loosely based on Hira Singh, ruler of Nabha in northwest
India, who died in 1911.
The title Night of the Long Knives was
actually the name for a purge that took place in Nazi Germany between
June 30th and July 2nd, 1934, when the Nazi regime carried out a
series of political executions, most of those killed being members of
the Sturmabteilung (SA), a Nazi paramilitary organization.
Today India does not have a western border
with Afghanistan. To the west of India is Pakistan, since its
creation in 1947, and it has the western border with Afghanistan. But
this story is set in 1886. The episode is quite correct in its geography.
At the start, when Tony is shot at, he
covers his left eye in pain: yet when they turn him over, he is
bleeding over the right eyebrow. At the 23 minute mark Tony's
"gun shot" head wound has miraculously disappeared.
December 23, 1966
"I'm not going to waste my life on
your Nazi friend."
Doug and Tony are captured by the Gestapo
in Cherbourg on June 4th, 1944, two days before D-Day. A scientist,
Dr. Heinz Kleinemann, working for the Reich brainwashes Doug and
allows Tony to escape. Tony falls in with the Resistance while
Kleinemann successfully programs Doug to beleive he is "Heinrich
Kriegler", whose father was killed by Tony. Will Doug kill Tony
and expose the Resistance?
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Lyle Bettger, Robert
Carricart, John Wengraf, Francis DeSales, Michael St. Clair, Joe E. Tata
In this episode, Doug is brainwashed into
thinking he's a Nazi, and he is instructed to kill Tony. In The Time
Tunnel: The Death Merchant (1967), Tony is injured in an explosion
and suffers amnesia. When he regains his strength, he believes he is
a Confederate solider. Believing Doug to be the enemy, he sets out
the goal to kill Doug for himself.
Michael St. Clair, who plays Duchamps in
this episode, had earlier guest starred in another WWII episode,
Hogan's Heroes: Anchors Aweigh, Men of Stalag 13 (1965).
Doug and Tony land in France in June, 1944
and are taken to Gestapo headquarters. The picture on the office wall
of Rudolf Hess is out of place since he was considered a traitor in
Nazi Germany after his mysterious flight to England in 1941. After
the fuel explosion the picture is of Heinrich Himmler.
Major Hoffman (Lyle Bettger) wears the
silver oak leaf of an SS StandartenFuhrer (Colonel).
The four pips on the Gorget patches of
Doug's uniform denote an SS Sturmbannfuhrer (Major). He was addressed
as a captain.
June 6th 1944
Operation Neptune and often referred to as D-Day, the Normandy
landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, June 6th 1944 of the
Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War
II. It was the largest seaborne invasion in history. The operation
began the liberation of German-occupied France (and later western
Europe) and laid the foundations of the Allied victory on the Western Front.
Planning for the operation began in 1943.
In the months leading up to the invasion, the Allies conducted a
substantial military deception, codenamed Operation Bodyguard, to
mislead the Germans as to the date and location of the main Allied
landings. The weather on D-Day was far from ideal, and the operation
had to be delayed 24 hours; a further postponement would have meant a
delay of at least two weeks, as the invasion planners had
requirements for the phase of the moon, the tides, and the time of
day that meant only a few days each month were deemed suitable. Adolf
Hitler placed German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in command of German
forces and of developing fortifications along the Atlantic Wall in
anticipation of an Allied invasion.
The amphibious landings were preceded by
extensive aerial and naval bombardment and an airborne assault - the
landing of 24,000 American, British, and Canadian airborne troops
shortly after midnight. Allied infantry and armoured divisions began
landing on the coast of France at 06:30. The target 50-mile (80 km)
stretch of the Normandy coast was divided into five sectors: Utah,
Omaha, Gold, Juno, and Sword. Strong winds blew the landing craft
east of their intended positions, particularly at Utah and Omaha. The
men landed under heavy fire from gun emplacements overlooking the
beaches, and the shore was mined and covered with obstacles such as
wooden stakes, metal tripods, and barbed wire, making the work of the beach-clearing
teams difficult and dangerous. Casualties were heaviest at Omaha,
with its high cliffs. At Gold, Juno, and Sword, several fortified
towns were cleared in house-to-house fighting, and two major gun
emplacements at Gold were disabled using specialised tanks.
The Allies failed to achieve any of their
goals on the first day. Carentan, St. Lo, and Bayeux remained in
German hands, and Caen, a major objective, was not captured until
July 21st. Only two of the beaches (Juno and Gold) were linked on the
first day, and all five beachheads were not connected until June
12th; however, the operation gained a foothold that the Allies
gradually expanded over the coming months. German casualties on D-Day
have been estimated at 4,000 to 9,000 men. Allied casualties were
documented for at least 10,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead.
memorials, and war cemeteries in the area now host many visitors
each year. At Omaha Beach, parts of the Mulberry harbour are still
visible, and a few of the beach obstacles remain.
A memorial to the US National Guard sits
at the location of a former German strongpoint. Pointe du Hoc is
little changed from 1944, with the terrain covered with bomb craters
and most of the concrete bunkers still in place.
The Normandy American Cemetery and
Memorial is nearby, in Colleville-sur-Mer. A museum about the Utah
landings is located at Sainte-Marie-du-Mont, and there is one
dedicated to the activities of the US airmen at Sainte-Mère-eglise.
Two German military cemeteries are located
nearby. Pegasus Bridge, a target of the British 6th Airborne, was the
site of some of the earliest action of the Normandy landings. The
bridge was replaced in 1994 by one similar in appearance, and the
original is now housed on the grounds of a nearby museum complex.
Sections of Mulberry Harbour B still sit in the sea at Arromanches,
and the well-preserved Longues-sur-Mer battery is nearby. The Juno
Beach Centre (below), opened in 2003, was funded by the Canadian
federal and provincial governments, France, and Canadian veterans.
"Wow, Mr Peabody, I remember
seeing all that in the documentary The Longest Day starring John Wayne."
"You know Sherman, that
wasn't a documentary... oh, never mind."
The Revenge of Robin Hood
December 30, 1966
"I always thought that Robin Hood was
- Dr. Doug Phillips
In thirteenth century England, Doug and
Tony become involved with the Earl of Huntington otherwise known as
the legendary Robin Hood and their efforts to get King John to sign
the Magna Carta.
Director: William Hale
Writer: Leonard Stadd
Guest starring: Donald Harron, John
Alderson, Ronald Long, Erin O'Brien Moore, John Crawford, James
Lanphier, John Orchard
The same night this episode aired,
December 30th, 1966, guest star John Crawford (playing King John) was
also guest starring in a season 2 episode of Hogan's Heroes (Art for
Hogan's Sake) playing 1st Gestapo Man.
star Don Harron (1924 - 2015) was a prolific, chameleon-like
character actor of 1960's sci-fi TV shows, seen to excellent effect
in The Man from U.N.C.L.E. (1964) (as Kitt Kittridge), The Time
Tunnel (1966) (as Robin Hood), The Outer Limits (1963) and The
Invaders (1967). The Canadian born comedian/actor was also a
director, journalist, author, playwright, and composer and is best
known for his Charlie Farquharson persona (right). As Charlie
Farquharson he published several bestselling books including,
"Charlie Farquharson's Histry of Canada" and "Charlie
Farquharson's Jogfree of Canda". Harron first portrayed Charlie
Farquharson in 1952 on the CBC series The Big Revue and continued to
perform the character regularly on stage and on Canadian radio and
television for the next 50 plus years. Charlie received international
attention as part of the cast of the U.S. country music television
show, Hee Haw during its 23-year run. Harron also reprised the
character in three episodes of The Red Green Show in 2003 and 2004.
Dressed in an overly well-worn sweater along with a frayed cap, and
sporting a grizzled 'two-day beard,' Farquharson is a decidedly rural
Ontario farmer from the real-life town of Parry Sound. He and his
wife, Valeda, have a son, Orville. Both were usually unseen and
unheard, but on occasion (mostly on stage) Harron's wife Catherine
McKinnon would play the role of Valeda. Uneducated, but not without a
boisterous 'school of hard knocks' sensibility, Charlie would loudly
deliver his opinion about matters local and worldwide, using many
malapropisms in the process which often resulted in both double
meanings and increased satire about the events. He was also known for
his loud hearty laugh, "Hee! Hee! Hee!". In addition to his
television appearances as Charlie, through the 1970s and 80s Harron
provided humorous syndicated commentaries to various Canadian radio
stations in the Farquharson persona. In 2000, Harron's contribution
to the Canadian entertainment industry was recognized with his being
named a member of the Order of Ontario. He was invested as member of
the Order of Canada in 1980 and in 2007, he was given the Gemini
Award for Lifetime Achievement in Radio and Television. Harron was
inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame in 2010.
During the attack on the castle by Robin
and his men, the same defender falls off the wall three times, using
the same stock footage repeated just moments apart.
About two-thirds of the way through this
episode, Tony assists Robin Hood and his men in ambushing some of
King John's mounted troops. One of the (unnamed) Merry Men launches
an arrow that strikes the first of the king's men, who falls off his
horse. In the next shot, this archer (to the left of the screen)
drops his arrow instead of shooting it.
Quite Sure Where
historicity of Robin Hood has been debated for centuries. A
difficulty with any such historical research is that Robert was a
very common given name in medieval England, and 'Robin' (or Robyn)
was its very common diminutive, especially in the 13th century. The
surname Hood (or Hude, Hode, etc.) was also fairly common because it
referred either to a hooder, who was a maker of hoods, or
alternatively to somebody who wore a hood as a head-covering. It is
therefore unsurprising that medieval records mention a number of
people called 'Robert Hood' or 'Robin Hood', some of whom are known
to have fallen foul of the law.
Another view on the origin of the name is
expressed in the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica which remarks
that 'hood' was a common dialectical form of 'wood'; and that the
outlaw's name has been given as 'Robin Wood'. There are a number of
references to Robin Hood as Robin Wood, or Whood, or Whod, from the
16th and 17th centuries. The earliest recorded example, in connection
with May games in Somerset, dates from 1518.
The oldest references to Robin Hood are
not historical records, or even ballads recounting his exploits, but
hints and allusions found in various works. From 1261 onward, the
names "Robinhood", "Robehod", or
"Robbehod" occur in the rolls of several English Justices
as nicknames or descriptions of malefactors. The majority of these
references date from the late 13th century. Between 1261 and 1300,
there are at least eight references to "Rabunhod" in
various regions across England, from Berkshire in the south to York
in the north.
The first mention of a quasi-historical
Robin Hood is given in Andrew of Wyntoun's Orygynale Chronicle,
written in about 1420. The next notice is a statement in the
Scotichronicon, composed by John of Fordun between 1377 and 1384, and
revised by Walter Bower in about 1440. Among Bower's many
interpolations is a passage that directly refers to Robin. It is
inserted after Fordun's account of the defeat of Simon de Montfort
and the punishment of his adherents. Robin is represented as a
fighter for de Montfort's cause. This was in fact true of the
historical outlaw of Sherwood Forest Roger Godberd, whose points of
similarity to the Robin Hood of the ballads have often been noted.
reference, discovered by Julian Luxford in 2009, appears in the
margin of the "Polychronicon" in the Eton College library.
Written around the year 1460 by a monk in Latin.
In a petition presented to Parliament in
1439, the name is used to describe an itinerant felon, Piers Venables
of Aston, Derbyshire (Robyn Hude). The name was still used to
describe sedition and treachery in 1605, when Guy Fawkes and his
associates were branded "Robin Hoods" by Robert Cecil. In
1644, jurist Edward Coke described Robin Hood as a historical figure
who had operated in the reign of King Richard I around Yorkshire; he
interpreted the contemporary term "roberdsmen" (outlaws) as
meaning followers of Robin Hood.
The earliest known legal records
mentioning a person called Robin Hood (Robert Hod) are from 1226,
found in the York Assizes, when that person's goods, worth 32
shillings and 6 pence, were confiscated and he became an outlaw.
Robert Hod owed the money to St Peter's in York. The following year,
he was called "Hobbehod". Robert Hod of York is the only
early Robin Hood known to have been an outlaw. L.V.D. Owen in 1936
floated the idea that Robin Hood might be identified with an outlawed
Robert Hood, or Hod, or Hobbehod, all apparently the same man,
referred to in nine successive Yorkshire Pipe Rolls between 1226 and
1234. There is no evidence however that this Robert Hood, although an
outlaw, was also a bandit.
Historian Oscar de Ville discusses the
career of John Deyville and his brother Robert, along with their
kinsmen Jocelin and Adam, during the Second Barons' War, specifically
their activities after the Battle of Evesham. John Deyville was
granted authority by the faction led by Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl
of Leicester over York Castle and the Northern Forests during the war
in which they sought refuge after Evesham. John, along with his
relatives, led the remaining rebel faction on the Isle of Ely
following the Dictum of Kenilworth. De Ville connects their presence
there with Bower's mention of "Robert Hood" during the
aftermath of Evesham in his annotations to the Scotichronicon.
John was eventually pardoned and continued his career until 1290,
his kinsmen are no longer mentioned by historical records after the
events surrounding their resistance at Ely, and de Ville speculates
that Robert remained an outlaw. Other points de Ville raises in
support of John and his brothers' exploits forming the inspiration
for Robin Hood include their properties in Barnsdale, John's
settlement of a mortgage worth £400 paralleling Robin Hood's
charity of identical value to Sir Richard at the Lee, relationship
with Sir Richard Foliot, a possible inspiration for the former
figure, and ownership of a fortified home at Hood Hill, near Kilburn,
North Yorkshire. The last of these is suggested to be the inspiration
for Robin Hood's second name as opposed to the more common theory of
a head covering. Perhaps not coincidentally, a "Robertus
Hod" is mentioned in records among the holdouts at Ely.
Although de Ville does not explicitly
connect John and Robert Deyville to Robin Hood, he discusses these
parallels in detail and suggests that they formed prototypes for this
ideal of heroic outlawry during the tumultuous reign of Henry III's
grandson and Edward I's son, Edward II of England.
David Baldwin identifies Robin Hood with
the historical outlaw Roger Godberd, who was a die-hard supporter of
Simon de Montfort, which would place Robin Hood around the 1260s.
Some problems with this theory are that there is no evidence that
Godberd was ever known as Robin Hood and no sign in the early Robin
Hood ballads of the specific concerns of de Montfort's revolt.
antiquarian Joseph Hunter (17831861) believed that Robin Hood
had inhabited the forests of Yorkshire during the early decades of
the fourteenth century. Hunter pointed to two men whom, believing
them to be the same person, he identified with the legendary outlaw.
Robert Hood who is documented as having lived in the city of
Wakefield at the start of the fourteenth century, and "Robyn
Hode" who is recorded as being employed by Edward II of England
during 1323. Hunter's theory has long been recognised to have serious
problems, one of the most serious being that recent research has
shown that Hunter's Robyn Hood had been employed by the king before
he appeared in the 1323 court roll, thus casting doubt on this Robyn
Hood's supposed earlier career as outlaw and rebel.
It has long been suggested, notably by
John Maddicott, that "Robin Hood" was a stock alias used by
thieves. What appears to be the first known example of "Robin
Hood" as a stock name for an outlaw dates to 1262 in Berkshire,
where the surname "Robehod" was applied to a man apparently
because he had been outlawed. This could suggest two main
possibilities: either that an early form of the Robin Hood legend was
already well established in the mid-13th century; or alternatively
that the name "Robin Hood" preceded the outlaw hero that we
know; so that the "Robin Hood" of legend was so called
because that was seen as an appropriate name for an outlaw.
is at present little or no scholarly support for the view that tales
of Robin Hood have stemmed from mythology or folklore, from fairies
or other mythological origins, any such associations being regarded
as later development. It was once a popular view, however. The
"mythological theory" dates back at least to 1584, when
Reginald Scot identified Robin Hood with the Germanic goblin
"Hudgin" or Hodekin and associated him with Robin
Goodfellow. Maurice Keen provides a brief summary and useful critique
of the evidence for the view Robin Hood had mythological origins.
While the outlaw often shows great skill in archery, swordplay and
disguise, his feats are no more exaggerated than those of characters
in other ballads, such as Kinmont Willie, which were based on
Robin Hood has also been claimed for the
pagan witch-cult supposed by Margaret Murray to have existed in
medieval Europe, and his anti-clericalism and Marianism interpreted
in this light. The existence of the witch cult as proposed by Murray
is now generally discredited.
"Wow, Mr Peabody, do you know anything about the outlaw
Dennis Moore, who stole from the poor and gave to rich?"
Sherman, I know that Dennis found the redistribution
of wealth was
trickier than he thought."
Kill Two by Two
January 6, 1967
"Here is a island called Iwo Jima,
have you heard of it?"
- Lt. Nakamura
Stuck on a Pacific island that is about to
be bombarded by the American Navy in February 1945, Doug and Tony are
captured by a downed Japanese pilot, Lt. Nakamura and a Japanese Army
sergeant, Itsugi. To help the Time Tunnel staff locate this island
and their two time travelers, they bring in a consultant who turns
out to be the lieutenant's father and he will not help them unless
they save his son.
Director: Herschel Daugherty
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Mako, Philip Ahn, Brent
Davis, Vince Howard, Kam Tong
Lt. Nakamura mentions that Minami Imo is
near Iwo Jima. Aside from the strategic and tactical importance of
capturing Iwo Jima for the airfield, one of the most iconic combat
photos of all time, the six Marines raising the flag on Mount
Suribachi, Iwo Jima, occurred on February 23rd, 1945, on the fourth
day of the battle.
When Doug takes a crow bar and breaks the
lock with it, he tosses the crowbar on the ground outside the door
and opens the door and steps inside, The next scene when he steps
inside he is holding the crowbar in his hand and places it on some boxes.
Doug tosses a Japanese hand grenade after
pulling the pin, and it explodes. In order to explode, Japanese
grenades of WW II required that they be armed first, by forcefully
pushing down on the vertical striker after pulling the safety pin.
This was usually accomplished by the soldier banging it against his
metal helmet. The grenades thrown in this installment would never
have exploded, nor would the booby trap set by Tony and Doug have worked.
The General mentions two ships, the USS
Missouri and USS Illinois. The USS Illinois was never completed as it
was decided that a different class of ship was more highly needed for
the war effort.
The Japanese soldier takes a machete into
the jungle to cut two bamboo staffs but when he comes back he doesn't
have it. A trained soldier wouldn't casually leave it behind
especially one that is at war.
When Tony is leaning against a boulder to
catch his breath, the boulder moves from the pressure of his weight.
Visitors from Beyond the Stars
January 13, 1967
"Resistance is impossible."
- The Alien Leader
Doug and Tony land in a Western town in
the late 19th century, where they are intercepted by two silver-clad
aliens. The aliens need to steal protein to supplement their own
supplies, and soon use their advanced technology to mind-control Doug
and hold the confused townspeople at bay while stealing local cattle.
Meanwhile, at Project Tic-Toc in 1966 the same alien race arrive and
demand to know what happened to their scouting party a hundred years
earlier, believing the Project to have something to do with it.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Fred Beir, Jan Merlin,
John Hoyt, Tristram Coffin, Ross Elliott, Byron Foulger, Gary Haynes
language of the aliens is actually English played back in reverse.
This episode marks the appearance in the
series of Irwin Allen's signature silver skinned aliens. The silver
outfits worn by the aliens were originally worn on another Irwin
Allen series: Lost In Space (right). They were the Robinson family
spacesuits, altered by the addition of wide belts and silver
skullcaps with cowls.
When The Time Tunnel first opens showing
Doug and Tony on the spaceship, the music playing in the background
was taken from the movie The Day The Earth Stood Still.
This is the first of two consecutive
episodes to feature veteran actor John Hoyt.
Two of the "homing staff" props
used in Revenge of Robin Hood are used as decorations on the spaceship.
The stores across the street near the
saloon are actually painted on plywood. When the aliens leave the
saloon to return to their ship, they cast their shadow on it.
The Ghost of Nero
January 20, 1967
"General, whatever the force is, it's
making us powerless to help Tony and Doug."
- Dr. Raymond Swain
Tony and Doug arrive near the
Italian-Austrian Alps on October 23rd, 1915, as the Germans are
preparing to bombard the area. An explosion knocks them out and
uncovers the stone coffin of Emperor Nero. They awaken and discover
they are beneath the villa of Count Galba and that is haunted by the
ghost of the Roman Emperor.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Leonard Stadd
Guest starring: Eduardo Ciannelli, Gunnar
Hellstrom, Richard Jaeckel, John Hoyt, Nino Candido
Doug and Tony are lying unconscious inside
the crypt, when Nero's ghost nears them; the music playing in the
background was taken from the movie The Day The Earth Stood Still in
particular from the scene when Patricia Neal said to Robot Gort
"Klaatu barada nikto"
Though the episode is set during World War
I, the Germans are wearing World War II uniforms (above left).
When the books are flying off the bookcase
when Nero's ghost is on a rampage in the study, you can visibly see a
stick pushing a row of books off the shelf from behind the bookcase
Tony and Doug light a candle to provide
light in the catacomb. A few moments later, the two pass by the table
and the candle is out, yet the room remains illuminated.
When Nero's ghost levitates the sword in
the teaser, wires are clearly visible holding it.
The Walls of Jericho
January 27, 1967
"As a scientist, I don't permit
myself to believe in miracles."
- Dr. Ann MacGregor
Tony and Doug arrive outside the tent of
Joshua on the sixth day of his seven-day assault on Jericho. With
their future knowledge of the Bible they are able to convince Joshua
that they are emissaries of the Lord, and he forces them to go into
Jericho as spies. Doug is captured and tortured after they try to
stop an exection, and Tony befriends a harlot, Rahab. With the help
of Rahab and her father, a blind architect, they manage to free Doug.
Tony and Rahab are set up for execution, but when a skeptical Anne
tries to use the Tunnel to free them in opposition to how the Bible
describes the incident, the Tunnel shuts down as if by some outside force.
Director: Nathan Juran
Writer: Ellis St. Joseph
Guest starring: Myrna Fahey, Lisa Gaye,
Abraham Sofaer, Rhodes Reason, Cynthia Lane, Tiger Joe Marsh, Arnold
Moss, Michael Pate
On January 27th, 1967, "The Walls of
Jericho" was interrupted several times by ABC News bulletins
before the network stopped showing it altogether. The reason: Apollo
1 astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White and Roger Chaffee were killed by a
flash fire that spread through their space capsule during a launch
pad test at Cape Kennedy. The astronauts were scheduled to be
launched into space on February 21st, 1967.
The bug eyed god Keemash was used
previously on Lost in Space: Follow the Leader (1966).
The Walls of Jericho fell down upon the
command of God according to the biblical book of Joshua (in its 6th
chapter) after the Israelites walked around the city and the trumpets
sounded. In 2010, the original city of Jericho is a earthen mound in
which archaeological excavations have been performed for over a
Idol of Death
February 3, 1967
"Just a moment. You don't give us orders."
- Lt. Gen. Heywood Kirk
Doug and Tony arrive in a jungle in 1519
Yucatan as Cortez and his Spanish conquistadores attack the locals
and the pair rescue natives being tortured for knowledge of a sacred
golden mask. Doug and Tony are captured as spies and Cortez burns his
ships and plans the their execution. Meanwhile, the Project team call
up an expert familiar with the terrain, Castillano, a man with a
reputation for stealing artifacts. When the time travelers get
captured Castillano offers the Project staff their location in return
for the recovery of the mask.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Teno Pollick, Lawrence
Montaigne, Anthony Caruso, Peter Brocco, Patrick Culliton, Abel
Fernandez, Rodolfo Hoyos, Jr
The Spanish used "cacique" to
mean a male leader of native peoples and "cacica" for a
female leader. They picked this up from the Taino native peoples in
the Caribbean but used the terms through North and South America.
The sword Tony holds on Cortez is a 19th
century U.S. Navy cutlass.
Conveniently, the natives, the Spaniards,
and the Americans all speak English.
When Cortes has his ships burned you can
see the man (below left circled) who set the ships on fire exiting
the set pool, and you can tell the ships are models.
Cortes is depicted fighting in Veracruz
against the Tlaxcaltecs but the natives living there were the
Totonacs. The Tlaxcaltecs lived in the central zone of Mexico, not in
the Gulf Coast.When Castillano first grabs the guards pistol he fire
a shot in the air. There is no sound effect edited in and so there is
no sound of gun fire.
The Tunnel appears to be extremely long,
stretching off to a vanishing point. But as Castillano carries the
golden mask out of the Tunnel, his shadow on the back wall reveals
that it is only perhaps 30 feet deep, with the back wall painted to
look like a tunnel receding to "infinity".
When Castillano first grabs the guards
pistol he fire a shot in the air. There is no sound effect edited in
and so there is no sound of gun fire.
When the young chief is about to pick up
the golden mask, he first bumps it with his hand and it wobbles a
short distance across the table on its "stone" base,
revealing that it has nowhere near the weight of real gold and stone.
Doug drops a torch in the center of a line
of gun powder but the ignition point begins at the lower right of the screen.
Billy the Kid
February 10, 1967
"Start walking, dude. When you think
you're close enough to hit anything, draw."
- Billy the Kid (William
Landing in 1881 New Mexico in the middle
of a jailbreak of Billy the Kid, to defend Tony Doug shoots at Billy
who escapes swearing to hunt down Doug. According to their research
back at the Time Tunel, two unknown strangers were killed by him on
that date. At one point Tony goes is mistaken for Billy. Pat Garrett
arrives and convinces the sheriff that Tony isn't Billy, but the mob
isn't hearing it.
Director: Nathan Juran
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Robert Walker, Allen Case,
John Crawford, Harry Lauter, Pitt Herbert, Phil Chambers
In an early part of the story, Billy the
Kid hears a noise and calls out "Quien es.", Spanish for
"Who is it". Spending a lot of his time in Mexico, Billy
the Kid could speak Spanish. "Quien es" was, in fact the
last thing he ever said before being shot dead by Pat Garrett.
Billy the Kid also known as William H.
Bonney (birth name Henry McCarty). After his participation in the
Lincoln Couty, New Mexico range wars in 1877, he traveled through
Texas gaining a reputation as a gambler, outlaw and gun slinger. He
was eventually caught by Pat Garrett who later killed him after an
escape from jail. Billy the Kid did not gain notoriety until after
his death when his story was told in a sensationalist biography.
Billy the Kid was ambidextrous, but
primarily right-handed. Due to the reverse image of the only known
photograph of him, it gave the incorrect impression that he was
left-handed because his revolver is positioned on the left side.
During this show he's being shown as left-handed.
While fighting in the cabin, Doug gets
flipped over the sink and the pump comes off without any resistance.
In reality it would be connected to a metal pipe and shouldn't come
off that easy.
When the deputy is trying to calm the mob
outside the Sheriff's office, the sign on the window says"Pat
Garret, Sheriff". Garrett's name was actually spelled with 2 T's.
During the stampede through town, there's
one scene where 3 rows of barbed wire can be seen keeping them in place.
The Tic-Toc Project has the technology to
send people traveling trough time yet when they have to do research
on Billy the Kid they bring out a bunch of books. They have a Time
Tunnel but they don't have Google? If this was really "the
future" all the research would be digital.
... Arizona Territory
the Kids real name was William Henry McCarty, born around
1860-61 possibly in New York City. His mother Catherine McCarty was a
widow and single mother and he had a younger brother named Joseph
(born 1863). What happened to his father is not known. There's a
mystery about his last name of McCarty; it's speculated that it may
be his father's name, mother's maiden name, or the last name of his
half brother's father. By 1871, Catherine was diagnosed with
Tuberculosis and was told to move to a climate that was warmer and
drier. In 1873 in Santa Fe, New Mexico, Catherine McCarty married a
man named William Antrim and the family moved to Silver City in Grant
County, located in southern New Mexico. Catherine's health began to
deteriorate and on September 16th, 1874, she died.
Antrim didnt want to be burden with
two small boys, so he separated them and placed them in foster homes
and left Silver City for Arizona. McCarty now had to earn his own
keep, so he was put to work washing dishes and waiting on tables at a
restaurant. McCartys first run-in with the law came in 1875,
when he assisted a local street tough known as "Sombrero
Jack" in stealing clothing from a Chinese laundry. Henry hid the
loot in his boarding house, but was arrested after his landlord
turned him in to the sheriff. The crime only carried a minor
sentence, but rather than face punishment, he escaped the jailhouse
by shimmying up a chimney.
McCarty fled to one of his foster families
and they put him on a stagecoach to Clifton, Arizona where his
stepfather was living. Antrim reefused to take him in and Antrim
wandered from one ranch to another to find work. For the next 2 years
the he tramped around as a ranch hand and gambler. He then met up
with a horse thief name John Mackie who taught him the tricks of the
trade and the two became partners. After some close calls, an arrest,
and escaping from custody, the Kid decided it was wiser to give up
his new occupation. He returned some stolen horses to the army to
clear himself and got work as a ranch hand.
In a saloon in Camp Grant, Arizona,
McCarty was sixteen when he got into an argument with Frank
"Windy" Cahill. After some name-calling, Cahill and McCarty
began to a fight. In the struggle McCarty shot Cahill. Not wanting to
face murder charges, McCarty left Arizona and returned to New Mexico.
Now an outlaw and unable to find honest work, he met up with another
outlaw named Jesse Evans, who was the leader of a gang of rustlers
called "The Boys."
The gang made their
way to Lincoln County in 1878 and it was here that Billy the
Kid first earned his reputation as a gunslinger, when he participated
in a bloody frontier war in Lincoln County, New Mexico. The conflict
centered on a business rivalry between British-born rancher John
Tunstall and a pair of Irish tycoons named James Dolan and Lawrence
Murphy. Dolan and Murphys outfit had long held a monopoly over
the dry goods and cattle trades in Lincoln County. Working
for Dolan "The Boys" started to steal Tunstalls
livestock. Arrests followed and McCarty
eventually was caught and placed in jail. Tunstall gave McCarty an
ultimatum: if he testified against the other rustlers, Tunstall would
hire him as an employee. McCarty took Tunstalls offer. Now
fighting for the Tunstall side and in the hopes of a better future, McCarty
changed his name to William H. Bonney, but his friends just called
him "Kid." Tensions were high and the feud between Dolan
and Tunstall escalated in to bloody violence. John Tunstall was
brutally murder by members of Sheriff Bradys posse and the Boys.
Pictured left to right:
John Tunstall, Alexander
McSween, Lawrence Gustav Murphy & James Joseph Dolan and Pat Garrett.
Following Tunstalls death, Bonney
and several other former employees organized themselves into a
vigilante group called "The Regulators" and swore revenge
in what became known as the "Lincoln County War". At
first the deputized Regulators tried to do things legally by serving
warrants, but with the prejudice Sheriff Brady and the bias court
system, they couldnt count on justice being served. So they
took the law in their own hands. They retaliated by killing Bill
Morton, Frank Baker and William McCloskey. Then they ambushed Sheriff
Brady and his deputy George Hindman in Lincoln. The Regulators
revenge only made things worse, and warrants were put out for their arrest.
Dolan's gunmen and
newly appointed sheriff, George Peppin and his men, had the McSween
house surrounded with Alex McSween and many of the Regulators trapped
in side. Dolan sent for Colonel Dudley at Fort Stanton for
assistance. The colonel came with troops along with a Howitzer and
Gatling gun. On the fifth day of the siege the Dolan side was getting
impatient, so they set the house on fire. The Regulators made a run
for it. McSween and three men were killed, but Bonney and the others
escaped into the darkness. Bonney had left this time with thr
Regulators with a reputation as one of the Wests most
skilled gunmen, but he remained wanted for the murder of Sheriff
Brady. He would spend the rest of his life on the run from the authorities,
making a living by gambling and rustling cattle.
Governor Axtell was
replaced by Lew Wallace, who was now trying to bring law and order to
Lincoln. Bonney wrote to the governor that he was tired of running
and would surrender to authorities and testify against the Dolan side
to have his murder charges dropped. The governor agreed and promised
Bonney a full pardon.
Bonney surrendered and
testified in court, but the Santa Fe Ring had influence over the
court system, so members of the Dolan side were acquitted.
Prosecution attorney William Rynerson wanted to put the Bonney on
trial for the murder of Sheriff Brady and Governor Wallace didnt
come through with the promised pardon.
the run again and an outlaw, Bonney went back to rustling cattle.
Unlike other Old West outlaws such as Jesse James, Cole Younger or
Butch Cassidy, Billy the Kid didnt make his living as a bandit.
The young gunslinger
stole the occasional horse, but he never once held up a bank, train
or even a stagecoach.
Outside of his
gunfighting days with the Regulators, his main criminal enterprise
was rustling cattle on the New Mexico plains. But he had gained fame
and was singled out by the newspapers who had built him up into
something more than he was. It was the newspapers who had given him a
name "Billy the Kid."
The Kid was known for
his easygoing personality, but he wasnt afraid to draw his
six-shooter when provoked. In a four-year span between 1877 and 1881,
the baby-faced outlaw was involved in the shooting deaths of some
nine men, at least four of whom he killed singlehandedly. The Kid
himself boasted he has killed 21 men, one for each year he was alive.
One particularly legendary gunfight unfolded in January 1880 at a New
Mexico saloon. As the story goes, a drunk named Joe Grant was
terrorizing the bars patrons and threatening to kill someone
before the night was out. Sensing trouble, the Kid casually
approached Grant and remarked, Thats a mighty nice
looking six-shooter you got. He then slipped Grants gun
out of its holster, spun its cylinder so that its next shot would be
an empty chamber, and handed it back. It proved to be a wise move.
Later that evening, Grant pulled the same pistol on the Kid and tried
to shoot him in the back. When it didnt fire, the Kid drew his
own gun and shot Grant dead.
Since the end of the Lincoln County War,
the Kid spent the next two years eluding the law and living in and
around Fort Sumner. Then a posse from White Oaks surrounded the Kid
and his gang at a station house. During the standoff the posse
accidentally killed their own deputy, James Carlyle. The death was
credited to the Kid and destroyed any ounce of sympathy the public
had for him, and any chance he had left to get a pardon.
In late 1880, Lincoln County Sheriff Pat
Garrett tracked the Kid to a cabin in Stinking Springs, New Mexico,
and forced his surrender. The outlaw was found guilty of the murder
of Sheriff William Brady and confined to the Lincoln courthouse. He
was scheduled for a date with the hangman, but on the evening of
April 28th, 1881, he engineered the most daring getaway of his
criminal career. During a trip to the outhouse, the Kid slipped out
of his handcuffs, ambushed Deputy James Bell and shot the man to
death with his own pistol. He then armed himself with a double-barreled
shotgun and gunned down a second guard, Deputy James Bell, who was
crossing the street. Once in control of the courthouse, the Kid
collected a small arsenal of weapons, cut his leg shackles with a
pickaxe and fled town on a stolen horse. News of the brazen escape
was soon reprinted in newspapers across the country, making the Kid
the most wanted man in the West.
his escape from death row, the Kid spent several months hiding out
on the frontier and taking refuge with sympathetic locals in Fort
Sumner, New Mexico. He neglected to keep a low profile, however, and
it wasnt long before Sheriff Pat Garrett and two deputies rode
into town. On the night of July 14th, 1881, Garrett went to the home
of rancher Peter Maxwell to question him about the outlaws
whereabouts. As he questioned Maxwel, the Kid approached the house.
When he noticed the silhouette of one of Garretts deputies on
the porch, the Kid drew his pistol and backed toward the door,
shouting, Whos that? in Spanish and entered
Maxwells darkened bedroom. Upon recognizing the Kids
voice, Sheriff Garrett drew his six-shooter and fired off two rounds
in his direction. One bullet struck the 21-year-old near his heart,
killing him instantly. The next day Billy the Kid was buried at the
Fort Sumner cemetery near his two fallen companions, Tom
OFolliard and Charlie Bowdre.
Pat Garrett became an Old West legend for
killing Billy the Kid, and even though historical records show that
the Kids body was positively identified by several different
people the day after his shooting, as the years passed, rumors
circulated that the Sheriff had either shot the wrong man or helped
fake the outlaws death. During the following decades, legends
persisted that Billy the Kid had survived, and a number of men
claimed to be him including Ollie L. (Brushy Bill) Roberts, who lived
in Mexico and the U.S. Southwest, rode in Wild West shows, and died
in 1950 in Hico, Texas. Billy the Kid remains one of the most
notorious figures from the era, and his life and likeness have been
frequently dramatized in Western popular culture. A celebrity in his
own time, his legend only grew after his death thanks to dime novels,
television shows and Hollywood films. Beginning with the 1911 silent
film "Billy the Kid," the gun-toting outlaws story
has appeared on the big screen more than 50 times. Some of the most
famous actors to play the Kid include Roy Rogers, Paul Newman, Val
Kilmer and Emilio Estevez.
Mr Peabody, Isn't this page suppose to be about the
Time Tunnel TV show?"
editors tend to get a little distracted. I get that way too when I
see a squirrel."
Pirates of Deadman's Island
February 17, 1967
"Let's try full power on the
- Dr. Raymond Swain
Doug and Tony have a run-in with pirates
off the Barbary Coast in 1805 and help in the rescue of Armando, the
nephew of the King of Spain, assisted by American Naval officer
Stephane Decatur. At one point Doug and Armando are caught in a
bombardment and seriously wounded. A doctor friend of Kirk's due for
retirement, volunteers to go back despite the fact he has no chance
of being returned.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Barney Slater
Guest starring: Victor Jory, Regis Toomey,
James Anderson, Charles Bateman, Harry Lauter, Alex Montoya, Pepito Galindo
In the beginning of the episode, Tony
tells Captain Beal that he has relatives in Philadelphia. James
Darren is actually from Philadelphia.
During the opening sequence Tony asks the
Captain if he would like to make a deal. Beal steps around the right
side of the table to confront Tony. The next shot shows Doug and Tony
standing side by side when Doug should be off to the left hand side
of the table.
The Barbary Pirates were based on the
coast of North Africa coast in modern day Libya. The pirates were for
the most part were Arab Muslims. The pirates depicted here are
European and dress as if it's 1705, not 1805.
The islands of the Mediterranean were not
like the islands of the Caribbean. They were dryer and much less tropical.
At one point a runaway ship runs into the
island. You can see the island move in response to the ships impact,
revealing that the area stuck by the ship is a prop.
Chase Through Time
February 24, 1967
"In a million years a thousand
civilizations can rise and fall.
Time travel was a lost art to them."
- Raul Nimon
Doug and Tony are transported to the Grand
Canyon, Arizona, in 1547. Meanwhile, the saboteur Raul Nimon kills
Dr. Alfred Stiles and plants a nuclear bomb with a timing device in
the Tic-Toc complex then escapes through the time tunnel that is
fixed. General Kirk orders the scientists to capture Nimon and
discover where the bomb is hidden. However the tunnel is out of
control and sends the trio to one million years in the future iand
then back again to 1,000,000 B.C.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Carey Wilber
Guest starring: Robert Duvall, Vitina
Marcus, Lew Gallo, Joe Ryan
In part of this episode, several
characters are transported back to 1 million BC where they battle a
dinosaur-like creature. But the dinosaurs were wiped out long before
then (approx 65 million years ago).
When the travelers arrive in the past, Dr.
Swain reports their location in time as 1,000,000 years BCE, in the
"Pliocene period". There was a Pliocene epoch, but it was
from 5.332 million to 2.588 million years before present,
considerably earlier than their supposed location. While there is
fossil evidence for very large insects and arthropods in the
Carboniferous period, giant bees are not part of the fossil record;
the largest known relative of bees is a winged ant that could reach a
length of 2.5" and lived about 50 million years ago. The
Pliocene epoch was part of the age of mammals, and well-known fauna
of the time included elephants, armadillos, saber-tooth cats, and the
human ancestor Homo Erectus.
At the start of the show at the time
tunnel, Raul Nimon shoots a revolver equipped with a silencer.
However, while a silencer can work with a pistol, it cannot work on a
revolver. Revolvers have a small gap between the cylinder and the
barrel of the gun, which is enough to allow the gunshot noise to
escape when the revolver is fired.
The Death Merchant
March 3, 1967
"What's the matter with you? Don't
you recognize me?"
- Dr. Doug Phillips
Arriving in Gettysburg in the 1860's, Doug
and Tony are separated by an explosion which gives Tony amnesia. Doug
falls in with the Union forces, while Tony becomes involved with the
South and Sgt. Maddox when he is mistaken as a courier sent to buy
gunpowder from an arms merchant, Michaels, who stole the supplies
from the Union. Doug gets there first only to find the merchant is
really Machiavelli! Machiavelli's pattern matches Tony's, and he was
swept up and brought to Gettysburg by the Time Tunnel.
Director: Nathan Juran
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: Malachi Throne, John
Crawford, Kevin Hagen, Kevin O'Neal
The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in
Pennsylvania during the first three days of July 1863. It was the
Confederate Army's final attempt to invade the United States and
force an armistice. After failing to secure the region, the army
withdrew to Virginia, where its tactics changed from attack to
defense. This battle is often considered the most important turning
point of the American Civil War.
Machiavelli (1469 to 1527, right) was an Italian philosopher,
journalist, playwright and all round "Renaissance Man",
based in the city-state of Firenze/Florence. Though he wrote many
plays, biographies, and encyclopedic histories, he is best known for
his short 1513 pamphlet "Il Principe" ("The
Prince"), a psychological study of Italian heads of state from
the time. The pamphlet observes that cruelty was necessary to
maintain political power, and its two most famous theses are often
paraphrased as "it is better to be feared than loved" and
"the ends justify the means". Machiavelli was not an arms
dealer and assassin as depicted here. The writers may have confused
Machiavelli with Prince Cesare Borgia, the subject of one of his writings.
In The Time Tunnel: Invasion (episode 15),
Doug is brainwashed into thinking he's a Nazi, and he is instructed
to kill Tony. In this episode, Tony is injured in an explosion and
suffers amnesia. When he regains his strength, he believes he is a
Confederate solider. Believing Doug to be the enemy, he sets out the
goal to kill Doug for himself.
During the scene where Tony and the Major
split up and cross the river, you can see a modern highway bridge in
In the opening scene, one of the soldiers
begins to fall to the ground before the bomb blows up behind him.
When Doug and the Major reach the other
side of the river, the Major takes off his boots and pours water out
of them. He is soaked from being in the river. However, Doug seems
completely dry, even though he was supposed to follow the Major
across the river.
Though set in summer, some scenes show the
trees are bare and the ground is covered with dead leaves, indicating
it is late autumn. Other scenes correctly show the trees full of
Attack of the Barbarians
March 10, 1967
"Well, we are just travelers, same as you."
- Dr. Doug Phillips
Doug and Tony are captured by the Mongols
in 1287, led by Genghis Khan's grandson Baku. Doug and Tony help
Marco Polo stop an attack and Tony meets and falls in love with the
daughter of Kubla Kahn.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: Robert Hamner
Guest starring: John Saxon, Vitina Marcus,
Arthur Batanides, Paul Mantee
... the 13th Century
Silk Road to China
Polo (left) was only 15 years old when he left Venice on the great
adventure that took him to the court of Kublai Khan. His father
Niccolo and his uncle Maffeo Polo had made the journey previously.
Marco barely knew his father, who had spent Marco's childhood as a
traveling merchant when they left on their quest. But the death of
Marco's mother convinced Niccolo that Marco should accompany him on
the return trip, which lasted 24 years (1271-1295).
Marco Polo did not bring pasta back to
Venice from China. It is one of the most famous legends out there
about the adventurer, but pasta had made its way into the cuisine of
Italy prior to Marco's birth. He did, however, introduce the concept
of paper money, which was used in Mongolia in the 13th century, but
not in Europe.
The Travels of Marco Polo [the English
title] was not written by Marco, but rather by the 13th-century
romantic author Rustichello of Pisa. The two met while in prison,
where Marco dictated the stories of his travels and his adventures at
the court of Kublai Khan. Marco was a prisoner of war, having been
captured in a battle between Venice and its rival city-state Genoa in
1298. There are no longer any original copies remaining of the
manuscript, initially titled Il Milione (The Million) and released in
Italian, French and Latin. The earliest remaining handwritten copies
(the printing press wasn't invented until 1439) of the travelogue are
not always consistent in details, but do remain true to the stories.
served as a special envoy for the great Kublai Khan (right),
providing the leader with useful reports from the various trips he
took on his behalf all around Asia. This included three years during
which he served as the governor of the city of Yangchow. The Polos
finally grew homesick, but Kublai Khan valued their services so much,
he refused to let them go. They were finally able to return home when
they convinced him that they should be the escorts for Princess
Kokachin, who was to marry his great nephew, the Il-Khan, who ruled
Persia. The journey to Persia was a perilous one, and many died, but
the Polos arrived safely. Kublai Khan, too, died while they were on
this mission, so they were able to return to Venice following the wedding.
Not a lot is known about Marco Polo after
his return to Venice in 1295. It is posited that he returned to the
family merchant business, but it is known that he married and had
three daughters: Moretta, Fantina, and Bellela. He lived to be 70
There are those who believe that Marco
Polo never took the journey down the Silk Road to China and in fact,
made it no further than the Black Sea. They believe that the
adventures described in his book were made up from stories he heard
from others along the road he did travel. It doesn't help his case
that there were many exaggerations in The Travels of Marco Polo, plus
there were also interesting exclusions, such as the fact that he
failed to mention the use of chopsticks for eating, or that he had
seen the Great Wall. It also helps these naysayers that no mention of
Marco Polo has been found in any historic Chinese records. On the
other hand, the majority of historians are prone to believe the Marco
did indeed make it to China and work in the service of Kublai Kahn,
especially because of the preponderance of cultural information in
the book. Plus, there are those who have used his journal to retrace
his footsteps, and they declare the geography to be so accurate, they
believe the trip happened. On his deathbed, Marco was encouraged to
admit that The Travels of Marco Polo was a work of fiction, but to
his dying breath he declared, "I did not tell half of what I saw."
Mr Peabody, let's play a game. I'll go first... MARCO?"
"Sherman. Go to your room."
Batu died in 1255. Kublai Khan started his
reign in 1260. Kublai and Batu would not be opponents.
When Doug and Tony are first discovered by
the Mongols, in the large grassy clearing, there are obvious modern
tire tracks everywhere.
By 1287, the Chinese had been aware of the
existence of gunpowder for about 500 years, and had been using
explosive grenades in warfare for at least a century. Its properties
as a weapon would have been familiar to the Mongols, who were rulers
of China during the Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty, which lasted from 1271 to 1368.
Doug Phillips calls Marco Polo "...the
first European to explore the Orient..." On Polo's famous trip
east, he accompanied his father and uncle, who had already been to
China and met Kublai Khan before him. The difference, of course, is
that Marco dictated a memoir of his trip while his elders did not.
Doug Phillips implies that the black
powder that Polo is taking back to Europe lacks nitre (aka potassium
nitrate); however, surviving Chinese records from the ninth century
show that existing formulae (two centuries before Polo's time)
contained from one-quarter to one-half nitrate content. Gunpowder
without nitrate would not, in fact, be sufficiently explosive to make
even the firecrackers Polo describes.
Gunpowder must be tightly confined in
order to explode; The containers used were too fragile.
Anne MacGregor reports that Sarit was the
"...only daughter of Kublai Khan who married a dark-haired,
fair-skinned stranger from a faraway place..."; the notion that
she is the only daughter is repeated by Marco Polo. Kublai Khan was
known to have had at least three daughters; the only recorded
marriage was his daughter Khutugh Beki, who married a Korean crown
prince and became empress of Goryeo, a Korean kingdom allied with the
Mongol rulers of China.
The helmets and other costumes shown in
the battle scenes do not match up with those in the close-up scenes,
undoubtedly due to the use of stock footage for the large-scale
fighting. Similar mismatches occur between the distant and close-up
views of the fort. Also, the plumes on the Europeans' helmets may
have been good for ceremonial display, but on soldiers operating from
a defensive position all they do is provide targets.
When the soldiers are loading equipment
into the tunnel, their shadows and the shadow of the equipment are
clearly visible on the backdrop used to make the tunnel look "infinite".
Merlin the Magician
March 17, 1967
- Dr. Ann MacGregor
Merlin the Magician pulls Tony and Doug
from their journey through time and sends them on to 544 A.D.,
Cornwall England. There they meet a young pre-King Arthur fighting
off an invasion of Vikings. The Tic-Toc Project staff attempt to
recover Doug and Tony but Merlin intervenes again.
Director: Harry Harris
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Christopher Cary, Lisa
Jak, Jim McMullan, Vincent Beck
Footage of the attack and defense of the
castle, including shots of the "viking army" on the road as
they approach the castle, is footage from Prince Valiant (1954)
starring Robert Wagner.
The title refers to the court magician and
advisor to the legendary King Arthur who founded the Knights of the
Round Table. Merlin was first mentioned in 1136 and was a compilation
of several historical and legendary figures under the name
"Merlin Ambrosius" or in Welsh "Myrddin Emrys".
These events take place in 544 AD and has
Vikings in England approximately 250 years before the Viking Age and
their first recorded appearance in the British Isles. Historians date
the beginning of the Viking Age as 8 June 793, the day of the first
Viking raid on the abbey at Lindisfarne. In 544 the invaders would
have been the Saxons from Germany, not the Vikings from Norway.
outlandish horns on the helmets and hats of the "Vikings"
have no basis in fact. Helmets worn by Vikings were of a simple
conical shape, occasionally featuring nose-guards and ear-guards. The
purpose of a helmet is to protect the head. A projection such as a
horn would catch, rather than deflect, a downward blow, snapping the
head violently to one side and breaking the wearer's neck. Pre-Viking
era priests and shamans sometimes wore headdresses festooned with
antlers, which gave rise to the mistaken notion that their helmets
were horned. The notion that Viking helmets had horns seems to
originate in 19th-century German theatrical productions.
When Arthur returns from visiting
Guinevere, the shadow of the boom mic can be quickly seen on the
battlement just above Tony.
Merlin "freezes" time in the
control room in the beginning yet the lights on the instrument panels
continue to blink on and off at their normal speed.
After Tony frees Arthur (who by the way is
tied with ropes and not chained as Tony was) his tunic is
conveniently nearby to put on but not the long sleeved shirt that
goes under it. However later Arthur is shown wearing it under his tunic.
Merlin turns the soldiers coming to the
rescue into Vikings saying this was his last bit of magic however he
then magically disappears.
To find out from the Viking guard where
Arthur is Tony dunks his head twice under the water in the barrel and
the guard opens his mouth wide enough to reveal his modern dental fillings.
March 24, 1967
"Doug? Tony? I- I was taken by force. Kidnapped."
- Dr. Ann MacGrego
After Time Tunnel member Doctor Ann
MacGregor is kidnapped by a time traveler from another planet. Tony
and Doug are sent there to rescue her on a distant planet in the
Canopis system in year 8433 A.D. Tony and Doug find themselves in a
futuristic complex and meet zombiefied people from different time
periods and locales, while a mysterious voice provides historical detail.
Director: Sobey Martin
Writer: William Welch
Guest starring: Michael Ansara, Del Monroe
At one point, the Curator (Michael Ansara)
mentions that Tony graduated high school in 1954 in Philadelphia.
This is actually true. James Darren did indeed graduate from a
Philadelphia high school in 1954.
The guard in the interior scientist office
is played by Glen Colbert, brother of Robert Colbert (Doug).
Guest star Michael Ansara was married to I
Dream of Jeannie star Barbara Eden.
Doug asks Ann if the Time Tunnel had a fix
on them when she was captured. But in the immediately preceding scene
General Kirk told them directly that the Tunnel had a fix and was
preparing to transfer all three of them.
The star Canopus is described as being 98
light years away from Earth. In reality, Canopus is 310 light years
away from Earth. Traveling 98 light years would get you to Kappa Delphini.
When Ray and the General are trying to use
the metal data card that they found the magnetic tape reels on the
computer behind them are shown turning one way then the other.
Magnetic tape reels used on computers as such turn in only one direction.
Adolf Hitler is portrayed as a young man
at the time of his death, the actor playing him was 28, but he was 56
at the time he committed suicide.
The aliens are shown to have silver skin.
However, at one point when Ott raises his left hand, the actor's skin
tone is visible where the silver paint was not applied.
Raiders from Outer Space
March 31, 1967
"If so nothing has been lost but your life."
- Alien Planet Leader
Tony and Doug arrive in Khartoum on
November 2nd, 1883, in the middle of a battle between British and
Arab forces. However, two aliens take them prisoner with plans to
conquer Earth with missiles, that will be ready to launch in just two
hours. To keep Project Tic-Toc from interfering with their plans the
aliens send a bomb back in time through the Time Tunnel.
Director: Nathan Juran
Writer: Bob Duncan / Wanda Duncan
Guest starring: John Crawford, Kevin
Hagen, Wesley Lau
Inside the alien's cave can be seen
numerous props from Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea including the
Seaview's navigation chart and missile silos.
Tony and Doug arrive in the Sudan in the
midst of the Siege of Khartoum on November 2, 1883. However, the
siege lasted from March 13, 1884 to January 26, 1885.
After the alien base has been destroyed,
Tony Newman touches a large rock that is supposedly embedded in the
desert ground, yet the rock moves.
Town of Terror
April 7, 1967
"What's that suppose to mean? What
kind of tunnel is that?"
Doug and Tony arrive in a brick basement
on the North Atlantic coast in 1978, that has advanced electrical
equipment. They soon discover a group of aliens are preparing to
steal Earth's oxygen. The alien androids infiltrate the Project
Tic-Toc base, seal it off, and start sucking out the oxygen through
the Tunnel itself.
Director: Herschel Daugherty
Writer: Carey Wilber
Guest starring: Gary Haynes, Heather
Young, Mabel Albertson, Vincent Beck, Kelly Thordsen
Due to The Time Tunnel (1966) being
abruptly canceled, the series seems to end with a cliffhanger. There
was no "series finale" which would have shown the end of
Doug & Tony's adventures and their return home. The episode ends
with footage from the first episode aboard the Titanic. Some viewers
and critics have interpreted the conclusion to be that Doug &
Tony were stuck in an eternal loop of repeating their 30 time travel
experiences for all time. The NBC-TV timetravel series Timeless (2016
- 2018) also ends with it's heroes and the plot looping back to the
begining of the first episode.
Even though the show ended with this
episode, the plans for the proposed second season were to have Doug
and Tony successfully come home. After the bugs were worked out they
then would be able to move though time to fix any anomalies their
travels might have caused or use it for various other purposes.
When Tony and Doug first encounter
"Sarah Pettinghill", she mentions she has a batch of
biscuits rising in the kitchen. Biscuits, being a quick bread,
contain baking powder and do not need to rise like traditional yeast dough.
During the storm near the end, the trees
and bushes in the foreground are strongly swaying and blowing around,
but those in the background are not moving at all. Also, the sky is
bright blue, even though there is supposed to be a storm raging.
In the town, supposedly just about all of
the residents are "frozen", yet many of them move.