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STAR TREK - THE ORIGINAL SERIES
SEASON ONE EPISODE GUIDE

0The Cage

Pilot

"Engage!"

- Captain Christopher Pike

The pilot to the series that would star William Shatner. Only in this version there is different Captain, Christopher Pike, and with the exception of Mr. Spock, an entirely different crew. When the Enterprise receives what appears to be a distress message. But when they get to the planet where the message was sent from, they discover that the supposed survivors were nothing more than illusions created by the inhabitants of the planet, for the purpose of capturing a mate for the one genuine surviving human, and Captain Pike is the lucky winner. While Captain Pike tries to cope with the experiments and tests that the aliens are conducting on him, his crew tries to find a way to rescue him. But the aliens' illusions are too powerful and deceptive (at first).

Director: Robert Butler
Writer: Gene Roddenberry

Starring: Jeffrey Hunter, Susan Oliver Susan Oliver, Leonard Nimoy, Majel Barrett, John Hoyt, Peter Duryea, Laurel Goodwin, Meg Wyllie

The first pilot was not aired on TV until 1988, when it was used as a filler episode for Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987) due to a writers strike.

During pre-production make-up tests, the Orion Slave Girl footage (with Majel Barrett, right, acting as a stand-in for the not-yet-cast Susan Oliver) kept returning from processing with the character's green skin changed to Caucasian. Initially believing the green makeup was somehow failing to show up on film, the producers learned the developers at the processing lab hand-corrected the color, believing it to be a processing error.

Yvonne Craig auditioned for the role of Vina. She would later guest star in Star Trek: Whom Gods Destroy (1969) wherein she played an Orion slave girl which was one of the personas Vina played in this episode.

Leonard Nimoy's Mr. Spock was the only character from the first pilot retained into the series. The ship's first officer character, Number One, was rejected for the series by the network because she was female (according to Gene Roddenberry). Actress Majel Barrett (left, Roddenberry's girlfriend at the time and later wife) was recast as Nurse Chapel. When the pilot was recycled as Star Trek: The Menagerie: Part I (1966) and Star Trek: The Menagerie: Part II (1966), it was established that Captain Pike's voyage to Talos IV took place 13 years prior to the events of the Star Trek (1966) series.

This is the first of six Star Trek instances in which Leonard Nimoy appeared without William Shatner, the other five being Star Trek: The Animated Series: The Slaver Weapon (1973), Star Trek: The Next Generation: Unification I (1991) and Star Trek: The Next Generation: Unification II (1991), and the series reboot films Star Trek (2009) and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013).

As Pike retreats up the stairs from the warrior on "Rigel VII", you can see the blade of his spear bend as it pushes against the warrior's chest. In the Rigel VII fortress, after Captain Pike throws his sword at the Kaylar warrior and stabs him in the back, the warrior displays a normal set of teeth and is missing the large, misshapen mouthful of teeth he sports in earlier scenes.

1. THE MAN TRAP

September 8, 1966

"Captain's log, stardate 1513.1. Our position, orbiting planet M-113. On board the Enterprise, Mr. Spock, temporarily in command. On the planet, the ruins of an ancient and long-dead civilization. Ship's surgeon McCoy and myself are now beaming down to the planet's surface. Our mission: routine medical examination of archeologist Robert Crater and his wife Nancy. Routine but for the fact that Nancy Crater is that one woman in Dr. McCoy's past."

- Captain James T. Kirk

In the series premiere, the Enterprise visits planet M-113 where scientists Dr. Crater and his wife Nancy, an old girlfriend of Dr. McCoy, are studying the remains of an ancient civilization. When Enterprise crewmen begin turning up dead under mysterious circumstances, Kirk and Spock must unravel the clues to discover how, why, and who is responsible.

Director: Marc Daniels
Writer: George Clayton Johnson

Guest starring: Sharon Gimpel, Garrison True, Larry Anthony, Bob Baker, Jeanne Bal, Alfred Ryder, Bruce Watson, Michael Zaslow, Vince Howard, Francine Pyne, William Knight

Although this was the first episode to air on NBC, it was actually the sixth episode produced. NBC chose to air this episode first because they felt that it had more action than any of the first 5 episodes and it also featured a monster.

Dr. McCoy's handheld "medical scanners" were actually modified salt and pepper shakers, purchased originally for use in "The Man Trap", in which a character was seen using a salt shaker. They were of Scandinavian design, and on screen were not recognizable as salt shakers; so a few generic salt shakers were borrowed from the studio commissary, and the "futuristic" looking shakers became McCoy's medical instruments.

This is the only episode in which McCoy's quarters are shown and is the first broadcast episode where the doctor says, "He's dead, Jim."

James Doohan does not appear in this episode, but he is briefly heard on Kirk's communicator in dialogue lifted from another episode.

Guest star Michael Zaslow (Barnhart) would later have minor roles in Star Trek: I, Mudd (1967) and Star Trek: First Contact (1996) the latter airing 30 years after The Man Trap.

When Kirk walks into the turbolift, returning from his mission to the surface of M113, the cameraman's shadow can be seen following him in. And, this shot is used in many additional episodes of the show.

When the landing party is beamed up to the Enterprise, the transporter would have detected that crewman Green was an alien creature and not human.

2.  Charlie X

September 15, 1966

"[to Janice Rand] Are you a girl?"

- Charlie Evans

The Enterprise makes a rendezvous with the S.S. Antares and picks up a 17 year old boy, Charlie Evans who is the only survivor of a colony expedition that crashed on the planet Thasus. Captain Ramart and his staff rave about the boy, but Kirk can't help but be puzzled when Ramart refuses luxury items and hurries back to the Antares. Charlie, without social skills of any measure, seems a bit strange and unrefined but states that he grew up alone with only the record tapes from the wreckage for company. Sometime later, Captain Ramart signals the Enterprise and tries to warn Kirk about something, but just then the Antares is destroyed. Kirk doesn't think much about Charlie's disinterested reaction to the deaths of his former friends, but Spock begins to suspect that there is more to the boy than they know. This is confirmed when Charlie makes a crewman disappear for laughing at him while in the gym. During this time, Charlie becomes infatuated with the first "girl" he saw after coming aboard the Enterprise, Yeoman Rand. Unable to control his desires, Charlie pesters Rand until she is forced to hurt him, first by rejecting the boy and then by slapping him while in her quarters. This, of course, causes Charlie to make her disappear as well. Now realizing the full extent of Charlie's powers and the danger he could pose to civilization, Kirk tries to alter the ship's course away from their next stop, Colony 5, but Charlie learns of his plans, seizes control of the Enterprise, and locks in a course for Colony 5. By this time the Thasians, noncorporeal beings who really raised Charlie and gave him his powers, discover that the boy is missing and intercept the Enterprise. Despite Charlie's pleas not to be taken away, the Thasians remove Charlie from the Enterprise and restore the crew back to normal.

Director: Lawrence Dobkin
Writer: D.C. Fontana

Guest starring: Robert Walker, Charles Stewart, Dallas Mitchell, Don Eitner, Patricia McNulty

True to his training as a Method actor, Robert Walker Jr. (left) chose to remain in his dressing room and not interact with any members of the cast as this would help his characterization of a strange, aloof person. Walker was 26 when he played the 17 year old Charlie Evans.

Captain Kirk reveals that there are 428 crew aboard the Enterprise.

First script for the series by D.C. Fontana would go on to become the story editor for the series. The director Lawrence Dobkin would later play Ambassador Kell in Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Mind's Eye (1991).

In the original script, Uhura was to amuse the crew by performing as a trained mimic, imitating Spock and other officers. This was changed to her singing in order to highlight Nichelle Nichols' singing talent.

Some of the things now considered everyday items in Star Trek are missing during the early episodes. In this one, the Enterprise has a cook who prepares meals for the crew. The Yeoman also talks of searching through "ship's stores." The use of replicators to create food and other materials had not yet been conceived of but would become commonplace by Star Trek: Tomorrow Is Yesterday (1967). The idea of "an Enterprise galley" would be reintroduced in Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Some felt this deviated from official canon since all food seemed to be replicated. Our "experts" at The Hall of Fame reason if you replicate something you would have to start with the original at some point. And it would stand to reason that more you replicated, say a turkey, the less tasty it would get, after say a thousand copies. Eventually you would want to start over with fresh food and you would need someone to cook it. After all Scotty is on record as preferring "real" scotch to the replicated version.

Gene Roddenberry provided the voice of the galley chief who says to Kirk, "Sir, I put meat loaf in the ovens. There's turkeys in there now... real turkeys!" This was his only speaking role in "Star Trek". During the second season, his disembodied hand appears in a few scenes of Star Trek: Who Mourns for Adonais? (1967).

The term "United Federation of Planets" had not been developed when this episode was made. The series frequently changed the name of the organization which the Enterprise serves during the early episodes. In this one it's "United Earth Space Probe Agency" or UESPA, pronounced by Captain Kirk as "you spa." This name was later used in Star Trek: Enterprise (2001) for one of the Federation's precursor agencies.

William Shatner had his chest shaved for this episode. In the next episode to be aired, Star Trek: Where No Man Has Gone Before (1966), he clearly has a hairy chest, as that episode was filmed a good year before this one.

During Star Trek's original run Jim Kirk had the odd habit of tearing his shirt or discarding it all together. We don't think this has anything to do with character's named "Jim", even though on the Wild Wild West, Jim West had a habit of frequently removing his shirt as well, while Jim Phelps on Mission: Impossible hardly ever removed his shirt. Look for the "Shirt Happens" banner in our Star Trek episode guide pages and we will give you a heads up on what episodes feature a shirtless Shatner.

Episode: Charlie X

In this episode Captain Kirk is doing his own stunts without a shirt in the ship's gym, trying to teach young Charlie the manly art of rolling around on a mat.

When the captain of the Antares is trying to warn Kirk of Charlie's abilities, Kirk is in a corridor talking to Charlie about not slapping girls on the butt. He says, "I'm on my way to the bridge now," and gets on the turbolift wearing his usual yellow shirt. When he arrives on the bridge he is wearing the green tunic.

McCoy refers to Spock as "Doctor Spock" (not Mister).

3Where No Man Has Gone Before

September 22, 1966

"Captain's Log, stardate 1313.8: add to official losses Doctor Elizabeth Dehner - be it noted she gave her life in performance of her duty; Lieutenant Commander Gary Mitchell, same notation."

- Captain James T. Kirk

While exploring the edge of the galaxy, the Enterprise encounters an energy barrier that gives two crewmen godlike powers that are growing at a geometric rate. Captain Kirk is faced with the difficult decision on what to do before they lose their humanity and become truly dangerous.

Director: James Goldstone
Writer: Samuel A. Peeples

Guest starring: Gary Lockwood, Sally Kellerman, Lloyd Haynes, Andrea Dromm, Paul Carr, Paul Fix, Hal Needham, Dick Crockett, Paul Baxley

This was the first time in US TV history that a second pilot had to be submitted to convince the network pick up the series and was filmed over one year before it was aired on TV. Three scripts were submitted to be made as the second pilot episode, this one, Star Trek: Mudd's Women (1966) and Star Trek: The Omega Glory (1968). NBC chose this one as they felt it to be the least challenging to viewers. Leonard Nimoy is the only actor to appear in both this, the second pilot, and the original pilot episode, Star Trek: The Cage (1986). Sulu is introduced as a physicist in this episode. But in all other episodes, he is a helmsman. The only episode in which Captain Kirk (William Shatner) does not have the pointed sideburns that he sports throughout the series and films. In this episode, his sideburns are cut normally.

In this episode Spock says that one of his ancestors was Terran, indicating that the writers had not completely worked out his backstory yet. In the very next episode to be filmed, Star Trek: The Corbomite Maneuver (1966), he was revealed to be the product of a Vulcan father and a Terran mother, an element of the story which became the official, set-in-stone backstory for Spock.

Veteran character actor Paul Fix got the role of the ship's doctor, replacing John Hoyt. Gene Roddenberry wanted to cast DeForest Kelley in the part, whom he originally wanted to play Doctor Boyce in Star Trek: The Cage (1986). Then, he was outruled by director Robert Butler's suggestion. Here again, Fix was recommended by director James Goldstone. Roddenberry thought Fix didn't work out well in the role, and decided that if Star Trek became a weekly series, he would cast Kelley as the ship's doctor.

The familiar colors and positions of the crew had not yet been finalized when this second pilot was shot. The tunics for operations crew are beige instead of red. The locations of the helmsman and navigator are reversed (when Kirk is facing the viewscreen, Mitchell, whom Kirk addresses as "helmsman," is on his right, and Kelso, the navigator, is on his left). Spock is wearing a gold command shirt, not a blue sciences one. Both Mitchell and Kelso wear beige operations shirts, rather than the gold command shirts later associated with their stations. Smith, the captain's yeoman, wears a gold command shirt, and Lieutenant Alden, the communications officer, wears a blue sciences shirt, rather than the operations shirts most later yeomen and communications officers would wear.

The gap in time between filming this and the rest of the series explains some of the apparent inconsistencies, notably some changes in the Enterprise architecture, the fact that most of the female crewmembers wear trousers and Mr Spock's peculiar yellowish skin tone. Any inconsistencies have been explained away in offical canon by saying that the events of this adventure occur significantly earlier than the bulk of the rest of the series (even though this was the third episode aired). As such, the educational title of physicist that is given to Sulu is in line with subsequent appearances where he is later promoted to the positional title of, and referred to as a 'helmsman'. The same applies to Spock's different rank and uniform color as well.

Arlene Martel was originally considered for the role of Dr. Elizabeth Dehner. But Martel had sensitive eyes and there was concern that the silver contact lenses that the role required would have caused damage to them. She later guest starred in Star Trek: Amok Time (1967).

Episode: Where No Man Has Gone Before

Kirk's old friend Gary Mitchell has acquired god-like powers and Kirk has to stop him from taking over the universe. He does, but rips his shirt in the process.

Gary Mitchell makes Captain Kirk's "headstone" which reads: "James R. Kirk." In all other Star Trek references, his name is "James Tiberius Kirk". According to the Starfleet Access commentary on the Blu-Ray, the remastering crew debated over whether or not to change the middle initial on the "James R. Kirk" tombstone to the proper T. While some members of the crew were for it and some against it, they ultimately decided not to, due to the ridiculous amount of rotoscope work it would have required.

When looking at Dr. Elizabeth Dehner (Sally Kellerman) profile, she is listed at 5'2", while Lt. Cmdr. Gary Mitchell (Gary Lockwood) is 5'9". When they stand next to each other though, they are close in height. Sally Kellerman is actually 5'10" and Gary Lockwood 6'0 1/2".

4.  The Naked Time

September 29, 1966

"This is Captain Kevin Thomas Riley of the Starship Enterprise. And who's this?"

- Riley

When Lieutenant Junior Grade Tormolen brings aboard an infection that killed the science team on Psi 2000, the crew of the Enterprise soon find themselves unable to control their most pre-dominant emotions. Soon the entire starship is in a shambles and plummeting toward the self destructing planet.

Director: Marc Daniels
Writer: John D.F. Black

Guest starring: Stewart Moss, Bruce Hyde, William Knight, John Bellah, Christin Ducheau, Woody Talbert, Frank da Vinci, Bud da Vinci

First appearance in the series of Nurse Christine Chapel, played by Gene Roddenberry's future wife Majel Barrett. This was also the first episode (in broadcast order) to feature the Vulcan Nerve Pinch.

After his appearance in the second pilot episode (Star Trek: Where No Man Has Gone Before (1966)), George Takei accepted the regular role of Sulu largely because he read a draft of this script, and relished the idea of running shirtless through the ship, sword in hand. However, he had no fencing experience, so as soon as he was hired, he began a crash-course on the sport. Writer John D.F. Black originally wanted Sulu to enact a Samurai fantasy. George Takei felt that this would be pandering to racial stereotypes so he suggested the Three Musketeers fantasy instead. This is George Takei's favourite episode.

During his Three Musketeers fantasy, Sulu tells Uhura "I'll protect you, fair maiden", meaning, by some definitions "light-skinned virgin". Uhura replies "sorry, neither", (an ad-lib by Nichelle Nichols) which means she's neither light-skinned or a virgin. This line or its meaning must have slipped past the censors, who in 1966 would not have allowed an unmarried female character to declare herself not a virgin.

After the scene where Spock is weeping, Leonard Nimoy's fan mail increased exponentially. Viewers were enthralled with the idea that Spock was secretly a reservoir of love and passion instead of an empty emotional void. This reaction inspired further scripts which explored Spock's inner makeup.

While under the influence of the virus, Nurse Chapel attempts to seduce Spock. This would be the first depiction of what many fans perceived as underlying romantic tensions between the characters, or at least Chapel's unrequited romantic attraction to Spock.

The bowling alley mentioned by Lt. Riley was never seen on any show, but did show up on the USS Enterprise blueprints issued in the 1970s.

The episode The Naked Now (1987) from the first season of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987) is largely based on this episode. The two episodes share similar plot lines and the TNG episode includes many scenes and images which were directly inspired by The Naked Time (1966). Below left, Nurse Chapel provokes an emotional response from Mr. Spock. Below right, Tasha Yar discovers that Data is "fully functional" and "programmed in multiple techniques".

Episode: The Naked Time

We a bonus shirtless Sulu in this episode as for Kirk, Dr. McCoy rips the arm of his shirt to inject a hypospray even though it's been established that hyposprays can be inject through clothing.

In the remastered edition, the planet rotates in one direction at the very beginning, but then rotates the other way for the rest of the show.

When the infected Sulu comes on the bridge he is glistening with sweat. When Uhura tries to distract him the shot goes from a glistening Sulu, to Uhura and back to a nearly dry Sulu.

5.  The Enemy Within

October 6, 1966

"If I seem insensitive to what you're going through,
Captain, understand - it's the way I am."

- Mr. Spock

While beaming back aboard the Enterprise, a transporter malfunction results in two vastly different Captain Kirks being beamed aboard. His personality has in effect been split into two. One Captain Kirk is weak and indecisive, fearful of making any kind of decision; the other is a mean-spirited and violent man who likes to swill brandy and force himself on female crew members. Meanwhile, as Scotty struggles to repair the transporter, the landing party is stuck on the planet below with temperatures falling rapidly.

Director: Leo Penn
Writer: Richard Matheson

Guest starring: Edward Madden, Garland Thompson, Jim Goodwin, Don Eitner, Eddie Paskey

The original script called for Spock to karate chop Kirk to subdue him. Leonard Nimoy felt that this would be an uncharacteristically violent act for a peace-loving species like the Vulcans so he came up with a pincer-like grasp on the neck that has since become known as the Vulcan Nerve Pinch and become one of the character's most famous gimmicks.

This is one of the only times in Star Trek where it can be seen that the middle finger on actor James Doohan's (Scotty's) right hand is missing. Doohan lost the finger when it was struck by a bullet or shrapnel shortly after the D-Day invasion in 1944. He took great pains to conceal its absence during the series, but his full right hand can be glimpsed briefly when he reaches into the box holding the snarling alien dog.

Kirk's alternate green wrap-around uniform was introduced so that the audience would be able to tell the difference between the good Kirk and the evil Kirk.

Unable to beam up Lieutenant Sulu in this episode, the transporter was a plot device intended to eliminate the pacing and production problems involved in depicting the ship landing and taking off all the time. Budgetary constraints on effects were also a consideration. The first landing of a starship would not occur until Star Trek: Voyager: The 37's (1995), broadcast 28 August 1995.

Yeoman Janice Rand's quarters are located here: 3C 46. However, in Star Trek: Charlie X (1966), Rand's quarters are 3F 125.

The only Star Trek program written by Richard Matheson, a The Twilight Zone (1959) legend who wrote two previous William Shatner vehicles" The Twilight Zone: Nick of Time (1960) and The Twilight Zone: Nightmare at 20,000 Feet (1963). The subplot of Sulu and three crewmembers stranded on the freezing planet was not in Richard Matheson's original script but was added by staff writers. Matheson did not like that this was done.

There is no explanation as to why the Enterprise's shuttlecraft could not be used to transport Sulu and the other stranded crewmen aboard the ship. In terms of production, the concept of the Enterprise carrying smaller shuttlecraft had not yet been introduced to the show. There remains no in-universe reason for their non-use in this case, however.

Episode: The Enemy Within

A transporter accident gives us two Kirks, one good one evil! "Evil" Kirk chases Yeoman Rand around the ship, drinks Saurian brandy and or course, takes his shirt off.

This episode begins with the Captain down on the planet's surface wearing a gold shirt with no insignia. When he beams up to the Enterprise, he is still wearing a gold shirt with no insignia, and his "evil half" also transports in wearing the same: a gold shirt without any insignia (above left). Scotty offers to walk the Captain to his quarters and, miraculously, when we cut to the Captain and Scotty in the corridor, the Captain's shirt has sprouted an insignia (above right) as has the evil twin's shirt when he walks into Dr. McCoy's medical bay.

Spock erroneously refers to himself as "second officer". His title is "first officer" or "second-in-command". Also, his speech and mannerisms betray too much emotion as Leonard Nimoy was still developing his way of performing the character.

After the dog-like creature dies, Dr. McCoy orders an autopsy on the animal; the term he should have used is "necropsy", which is used to describe post-mortem examinations on animals.

6Mudd's Women

October 13, 1966

"Don't you think you could possibly, by accident, arrange to leave me behind here? On this planet, that would be punishment enough."

- Harcourt Fenton Mudd

The Enterprise picks up a intergalactic conman, Harcourt Fenton Mudd, and three incredibly beautiful women he is transporting as brides for lonely men on distant planets. Kirk and crew soon discover Mudd and the women harbor a dark secret.

Director: Harvey Hart and Gene Roddenberry
Writer: Stephen Kandel

Guest starring: Roger C. Carmel, Karen Steele, Maggie Thrett, Susan Denberg, Jim Goodwin, Gene Dynarski, Jon Kowal, Seamon Glass, Jerry Foxworth, Eddie Paskey, Frank da Vinci

Production went a day over schedule due to the intricate camera setups used by director Harvey Hart, which had good results but were too time-consuming. Hart also made things difficult for the editors by "camera cutting" the show, leaving few choices of shot available. Due to these factors, Hart was not invited back to the show.

Susan Denberg (playing Magda Kovacs) guest starred in this episode two months after appearing as the Miss August 1966 centerfold in Playboy (collectable Trading Card pictured at right). Denberg is the stage name for Dietlinde Zechner (born on August 2nd 1944), a German-born Austrian chorus dancer who had a brief brush with an acting career in the late 1960s. Denberg made her feature film debut with a supporting role in the drama, An American Dream (1966). Star Trek regular, George Takei, and TOS guest actors, Richard Derr and Warren Stevens, also had roles in this film. Denberg's most famous acting role, outside of this Star Trek episode, was in Hammer Film's cult 1967 science fiction/horror film, Frankenstein Created Woman (1967), opposite Peter Cushing. However, Denberg's voice in the film was dubbed, as her Austrian accent was considered too strong. Over the years, rumors surfaced Denberg died after becoming immersed in the 60s high life of drugs and sex. In fact Denberg left show business and returned to Austria and (as of 2012) is alive and well, and living in Klagenfurt, Austria, under her real name, Dietlinde Zechner.

"Mudd's Women" contains one of a few times in the series where Spock's nationality is called "Vulcanian" rather than simply "Vulcan".

Lt. Uhura wears a gold "command" uniform instead of her usual red uniform. Nichelle Nichols only wore this outfit in her first two appearances, which were Star Trek: The Corbomite Maneuver (1966) and this one.

This is the first episode in which the Enterprise's power source is named, however, they are called simply "lithium crystals", and not "dilithium" as was done in all later episodes of this and all later incarnations of Star Trek.

NBC did not choose this episode as the second pilot mostly because they were worried about the central theme of "selling women throughout the galaxy" and the guest stars being "an intergalactic pimp" and "three space hookers".

When McCoy, Spock, and Scotty seem to be mesmerized by the women after they are beamed aboard, a close-up of McCoy shows him wearing his medical smock. All other shots of this scene show him without the smock.

Towards the end of Mudd's hearing, in a conversation with the women, he addresses Ruth as "Maggie" - the actresses real name.

7.  What Are Little Girls Made Of?

October 20, 1966

"Roger, what's happened to you? When I sat in your class you wouldn't even dream of harming an insect or an animal. Their life was sacred to you then."

- Christine Chapel

Nurse Christine Chapel is reunited with her old fiance, renowned scientist Dr. Roger Korby, a man who hasn't been heard of for 5 years and many thought was dead. When Kirk and Chapel beam down to the planet, they find Korby obsessed with using alien technology to turn the humans into androids.

Director: James Goldstone
Writer: Robert Bloch

Guest starring: Majel Barrett, Michael Strong, Sherry Jackson, Ted Cassidy, Harry Basch, Vince Deadrick, Budd Albright, Paul Baxley, Denver Mattson

The only TOS episode to prominently feature Nurse Christine Chapel, who was played by Majel Barrett. Also featured is Ted Cassidy, best known for playing Lurch on The Addams Family (1964) TV series. Barret would later play Lwaxana Troi in Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987), whose valet Mr. Homm was played by Carel Struycken, who played Lurch in The Addams Family (1991) and Addams Family Values (1993).

First mention of Capt. Kirk's brother, George Samuel Kirk, who is married with children.

Crewman Mathews (Vince Deadrick Sr.) is the first genuine "redshirt" to be killed in the series. He's pushed by Ruk into a bottomless pit minutes after beaming down to the planet's surface. (Other Enterprise crewmen have been killed before, but were wearing either blue or gold shirts.)

Episode: What are Little Girls Made of?

Kirk is placed into a machine that will make an android copy of him. Apparently the machine won't work unless he takes off his shirt (and his pants).

When Roger threatens Kirk with Kirk's Type I phaser, he's holding it upside-down.

When Android-Kirk boards the Enterprise and takes a "command pack," he walks to the transporter, but the pack is gone. (This was a shot from Star Trek: The Man Trap reused to cut costs).

Episode: "What are Little Girls Made of?"
The first two killed redshirts (in production order).
Crewman Mathews Security Officer
- Pushed down a cliff by Ruk
Crewman Rayburn Security Officer
- Suffocated by Ruk

8.  Miri

October 27, 1966

"No blah, blah, blah!"

- Captain James T. Kirk

The Enterprise receives an old style SOS signal and finds on arrival a planet that is virtually identical to Earth. Kirk, Spock, McCoy and Yeoman Rand beam down to the planet only to find that it is inhabited solely by children. Kirk befriends one of the older children, Miri, but they soon learn that experiments to prolong life killed all of the adults and that the children will also die when they reach puberty. They also learn that the children are in fact, very old. Soon, the landing party contracts the virus and has seven days to find a cure.

Director: Vincent McEveety
Writer: Adrian Spies

Guest starring: Kim Darby, Michael J. Pollard, Keith Taylor, Ed McCready, Kellie Flanagan, Steven McEveety, Jim Goodwin, John Megna, John Arndt, Irene Sale, Scott Whitney, Darlene Roddenberry, Lisabeth Shatner, Dawn Roddenberry, Phil Morris

The red-headed boy, Stephen McEveety, is the nephew of Vincent McEveety. One of the little girls is played by Dawn Roddenberry while the girl held by Kirk as he rushes to the lab with his newly recovered communicator, is played by Melanie Shatner. Leonard Nimoy was asked to allow his children to appear as extras but Nimoy refused to let his children be involved in show business. His son, Adam Nimoy, did grow up to become a television director, including a few episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987).

Although all the children on the planet die when they reach puberty, Michael J. Pollard, who played Jahn, was 27 years old when this episode aired, and Kim Darby, who played Miri, was 19.

The first of several "parallel Earth" plots in the series, contrived to save money by avoiding the necessity for "alien" sets, costumes, and makeup.

Banned by the BBC, after parents of young viewers had sent complaints because they felt that the show's content was unsuitable for children and the BBC did not repeat it again for 20 years.

The outdoor scenes of this episode were filmed on the same back lot streets that also were used to create Mayberry on The Andy Griffith Show (1960), except that the streets were piled with debris and dirt to create the appearance that the town was in ruins. Several building exteriors familiar from Mayberry can be seen in those exterior shots, including the courthouse, Walker's Drugstore, and the Mayberry Hotel. The long shots of those buildings, however, also reveal that on "The Andy Griffith Show" the two-story buildings that can be seen here were always filmed up close, to create the impression that Mayberry consisted only of one-story structures. Other Andy Griffith Show connections include: Michael J. Pollard, who plays Jahn, the leader of the Onlies, played Barney Fife's bumbling cousin in the Andy Griffith episode "Cousin Virgil. And, when Kirk asks Spock to estimate in what time period the town seems to be, Spock responds with "1960," the year The Andy Griffith Show debuted.

Episode: Miri

The children on Miri's world are immune to the illness that has struck the planet and killed all the adults, until they get older. Now the landing party has contracted it and Kirk tears the sleeves of his shirt open to demonstrate to the children the fate that will eventually befall them all.

Kirk's shirt is badly soiled (at around 11 mins), from his combat with Louise, but when he shoots his phaser at her (at around 14 mins), he is shown wearing a clean shirt.

When the Enterprise is in orbit, the planet in the background is clearly Earth. The Middle East to be precise, yet at the very beginningof the episode Kirk tells Spock they are "hundreds of light years from Earth".

9.  Dagger of the Mind

November 3, 1966

"Enterprise log, first officer Spock acting captain. I must now use an ancient Vulcan technique to probe into Van Gelder's tortured mind."

- Mr. Spock

After a psychologically disturbed patient from the Tantalus penal colony, Dr. Simon Van Gelder, manages to escape to the Enterprise, Dr. McCoy begins to suspect that something is amiss on the colony. Captain Kirk and Dr. Helen Noel beam down to the planet to investigate.

Director: Vincent McEveety
Writer: Shimon Wincelberg

Guest starring: James Gregory, Morgan Woodward, Marianna Hill, Susanne Wasson, John Arndt, Larry Anthony, Ed McCready, Eli Behar, Walt Davis, Lou Elias, David L. Ross, Irene Sale

The "Vulcan mind meld", introduced in this episode, was originally a way of working around a warning from NBC's "Standards and Practices" department. In an earlier draft of the script, the plan had been to have Spock hypnotize Van Gelder, but writers were told they must have hypnotism performed "by DOCTOR McCoy rather than MISTER Spock," unless they could establish Spock had been specially trained to do perform it.

When Captain Kirk and Doctor Helen Noel are beamed down to the Tantalus Penal Colony, the planet's terrain/background is the lithium cracking station on Delta Vega from Star Trek: Where No Man Has Gone Before (1966). This was changed in the remastered version.

The part of Helen Noel (played by Marianna Hill, left) was originally written for Janice Rand. However, the producers wanted to avoid showing Kirk becoming involved with her, and Grace Lee Whitney was already on the verge of leaving the show due to personal problems on the set. In any event, from a dramatic point of view, it made more sense for a trained psychotherapist, rather than a yeoman, to accompany Kirk to the Tantalus rehabilitation colony.

Marianna Hill is also known for her work in the Elvis Presley films Roustabout (1964) and Paradise, Hawaiian Style (1966), the Clint Eastwood film High Plains Drifter as Callie Travers (1973) and in The Godfather Part II as Deanna Dunn-Corleone (1974). In addition to Star Trek she guest starred in many TV series including: My Three Sons, Hogan's Heroes, Love American Style, Batman, Perry Mason, Death Valley Days, Bonanza, The High Chaparral, Gunsmoke, The Wild Wild West, The F.B.I., Mission: Impossible, Quincy, M.E., S.W.A.T., Kung Fu, The Outer Limits, Mannix, and Harry O.

James Doohan and George Takei do not appear in this episode. Scotty appeared in the original script, operating the transporter in the first scene, when Van Gelder is beamed aboard. His appearance was nixed by Bob Justman, who saw this as a way of saving costs by eliminating Doohan, who should have had to been paid $890 for the episode, and replacing him with a random performer (Larry Anthony, playing Lieutenant Berkeley), hired for a much lower salary.

10 The Corbomite Maneuver

November 10, 1966

"There's no such thing as the unknown -
only things temporarily hidden, temporarily not understood."

- Captain James T. Kirk

In a section of unexplored space, the Enterprise comes across a marker of sorts that will not let it pass. They destroy the marker and move on but soon find themselves in conflict with an unknown alien who accuses them of trespassing and tells them they have only 10 minutes to live. Kirk decides it's time to play a little poker and literally bluff his way out of the situation by telling the alien that the Enterprise has a device on board that will destroy the alien as well as the Enterprise. The bluff works but the alien turns out to be something quite unexpected.

Director: Joseph Sargent
Writer: Jerry Sohl

Guest starring: Anthony Call, Clint Howard, Vic Perrin, George Bochman, John Gabriel, Gloria Calomee, Majel Barrett, Sean Morgan, Ted Cassidy, Bruce Mars, Jonathan Lippe, Mittie Lawrence, Ena Hartman

This is the earliest episode of the main series (excluding the two pilots) to be filmed. This was the first episode to feature Kirk's famous "Space - the final frontier" monologue in the opening credits.

First appearances (in production order) of Doctor Leonard McCoy, Lieutenant Nyota Uhura, and Yeoman Janice Rand (above left). Lieutenant Uhura (above right) makes her first appearance wearing a gold "command" uniform, which she retains in her second appearance (in production order, not airing order), Star Trek: Mudd's Women (1966). After that, she traded it in for the iconic red uniform she wears for the rest of the series.

McCoy says "What am I, a doctor or a moon shuttle conductor?" which can be considered the first of the "doctor not a" quotes. In later days, the quote would have been phrased "I'm a doctor, not a moon shuttle conductor!" Nimoy is still using an odd vocal inflection where he shouts Spock's lines and his tone goes up at the end of sentences.

Leaving sick bay after his physical, Captain Kirk passes several unnamed crew members. One red shirt, played by Jonathan Goldsmith, gained worldwide fame 40 years later as beer ad character "The Most Interesting Man in the World." Still no name.

Little Balok is played by Clint Howard, whose brother Ron Howard was starring in another Desilu hit, The Andy Griffith Show (1960). These two shows have many connections in the form of actor crossovers and scenery reuse.

Although the script instructed Leonard Nimoy to emote a fearful reaction upon his first sight of Big Balok, director Joseph Sargent suggested to Nimoy that he ignore what the script called for and instead simply react with the single word "Fascinating." The suggestion of this response helped refine the Spock character and provide him with a now-legendary catchphrase.

Episode: The Corbomite Maneuver

This time a shirtless Shatner makes sence as Kirk is in sickbay for a routine medical exam.

The U.S.S. Enterprise was 289 meters in length. That is about 948 feet. That puts the length of the U.S.S. Enterprise at longer than 1/6 mile. The large alien ship was described as having a diameter of about one mile. But when the U.S.S. Enterprise is seen close up against the large alien ship, the alien ship is seen to be dozens of times longer than the former. That would put the diameter of the large alien ship closer as several miles instead of one mile.

11 The Menagerie (Part 1)

November 17, 1966

12 The Menagerie (Part 2)

November 24, 1966

"Captain's log, stardate 3012.4. Despite our best efforts to disengage computers, the Enterprise is still locked on a heading for the mysterious planet Talos IV. Meanwhile, as required by Starfleet General Orders, a preliminary hearing on Lieutenant Commander Spock is being convened and in all the years of my service this is the most painful moment I've ever faced."

- Captain James T. Kirk

Spock kidnaps his former captain, the crippled Christopher Pike, and heads for a quarantined planet, putting his career and Kirk's life on the line. In part two, Spock's court-martial continues as he attempts to justify his abduction of Pike, the theft of the Enterprise, and his heading for Talos IV, a planet declared limits by Federation order since the Enterprise first visited thirteen years earlier while then under the command of Captain Pike.

Director: Robert Butler and Marc Daniels
Writer: Gene Roddenberry

Guest starring: Jeffrey Hunter, Susan Oliver, Malachi Throne, Majel Barrett, Peter Duryea, Laurel Goodwin, John Hoyt, Adam Roarke, Sean Kenney, Hagan Beggs, Julie Parrish, Leonard Mudie, Tom Curtis, George Sawaya, Jon Lormer, Meg Wyllie, Georgia Schmidt, Brett Dunham, Mike Dugan

Although scenes from Star Trek: The Cage (1986) featuring Jeffrey Hunter as Captain Christopher Pike, he was unavailable and unaffordable for the framing story into which the scenes were to be inserted. Sean Kenney, an actor who resembled Hunter, was used instead. He plays the mute, crippled Captain Pike, now wheelchair-bound after an accident.

This is the only 2-parter in the original Star Trek (1966) series. All Star Trek spin-offs had many two-part stories. Robert H. Justman convinced Gene Roddenberry to write a two-part episode using footage from Star Trek: The Cage (1986) because they ran out of scripts and would have had to shut down production otherwise. The script was written quickly in three or four days because it mostly consists of scenes from the original pilot. The "frame" story of Captain Pike's injury, Spock's kidnapping of his former captain, and the return journey to Talos IV was necessitated because the producers' inability to use the original pilot Star Trek: The Cage (1986) in its unedited form. Normally, series producers count on being able to use the pilot as an episode of the season, despite possible minor changes from the regular series, such as (on Star Trek (1966)) differences in uniform styles, terminology, and props; the second pilot, Star Trek: Where No Man Has Gone Before (1966), was used despite such discrepancies. But the differences between the series and the original pilot were too stark to be used unaltered - without the elaborate "frame" placing it 13 years in the past.

The Talosian "Keeper" alien was actually played by a woman - Meg Wyllie (as were all Talosians). The telepathic voice is alleged to have been dubbed by Malachi Throne who coincidentally played Commodore Jose Mendez in "The Menagerie." Star Trek: The Cage (1986) was Leonard Nimoy's first Star Trek (1966) appearance and Throne was also with Nimoy for his final "Star Trek" television appearance in Star Trek: The Next Generation: Unification II (1991).

Just before their first visit with the injured Capt. Pike, Commodore Mendez asks Kirk if he knows Pike. He then states that Pike was about Kirk's age. However, the plot is about an incident that happened 13 years before, when Spock was Capt. Pike's science officer. This would make Pike a 2tos/1-year-old starship captain yet Star Trek canon says Kirk became Starfleet's youngest captain when he received command of the USS Enterprise for it's original five-year mission.

13 The Conscience of the King

December 8, 1966

"Kodos the Executioner. Summary: Governor of Tarsis IV twenty Earth years ago. Invoked martial law. Slaughtered 50% of population Earth colony that planet. Burned body found when Earth forces arrived. No positive identification. Case closed."

- voice of computer

Kirk is one of the last survivors who can identify a mass killer, who lurks among a Shakespearean troupe aboard the Enterprise.

Director: Gerd Oswald
Writer: Barry Trivers

Guest starring: Arnold Moss, Barbara Anderson, William Sargent, Natalie Norwick, David Troy, Karl Bruck, Marc Adams, Bruce Hyde, Frank Vince

Kodos gives his name to one of the two cyclopic alien squids who repeatedly plague The Simpsons (1989) in their Halloween fantasies. The other is Kang who takes his name from Star Trek: Day of the Dove (1968).

Yeoman Rand's silent walk-on appearance was the final scene that Grace Lee Whitney filmed for the series. According to Whitney, she had been fired the week before and she felt that her wordless walk-on was done to embarrass her. According to Whitney's memoir, she was so distraught that she immediately went to her dressing room and got drunk. Whitney did not return to Star Trek until Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979).

In the original draft, the character whose parents had been murdered by Kodos was named Lt. Robert Daiken. When Bruce Hyde was cast in the role, the staff realized that he played the character Kevin Riley in Star Trek: The Naked Time (1966) so the character was rewritten as Riley. Kirk refers to Riley as a lieutenant in the "Star Service" - another early name for Starfleet when the series' terminology was being made up as the first season went along.

Gene Roddenberry has a voice-over as the captain of the Astral Queen.

This episode hinges on the idea that if "the last few eyewitnesses" die, then the knowledge of what Kodos looked like will be lost. But Kirk easily orders up Kodos' mug shots and voice prints to compare with Anton Karidian.

In a case of Star Traek canon in development... while McCoy is enjoying a "drop of the true" in sick bay, he offers Spock a drink. Spock explains, "his fathers race was spared the dubious benefits of alcohol." To which McCoy sardonically responds, "Oh, now I know why they were conquered." However, in Star Trek: The Immunity Syndrome Spock explains to Kirk that, "Vulcan has not been conquered within its collective memory. The memory goes back so far that no Vulcan can conceive of a conqueror."

14 Balance of Terror

December 15, 1966

"Captain's log, stardate 1709.2. Patrolling outposts guarding the neutral zone between planets Romulus and Remus and the rest of the galaxy; received an emergency call from Outpost 4. The USS Enterprise is moving to investigate and assist."

- Captain James T. Kirk

The Enterprise answers a distress call from Federation Outpost #4, a monitoring station on the Federation side of the neutral zone with the Romulan Empire. The outposts were established over a century ago and no one has actually seen a Romulan. The Romulan vessel seems to have some type of high energy explosive device as well as a cloaking device to make the ship invisible. When it appears that Romulans bear a strong resemblance to Vulcans, Kirk must deal with a rebellious crew member. He must also engage in a dangerous cat and mouse game with a very intelligent Romulan commander.

Director: Vincent McEveety
Writer: Paul Schneider

Guest starring: Mark Lenard, Paul Comi, Lawrence Montaigne, Stephen Mines, Barbara Baldavin, Garry Walberg, John Warburton, Sean Morgan, Vince Deadrick, John Arndt, Robert Chadwick, Walt Davis

Mark Lenard plays the Romulan Commander, an apparent enemy of the Enterprise and its crew, however later in his career he played the famed role of Spock's father Sarek, and also played a Klingon in Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979), making him the first actor to portray the three major alien races (Vulcan, Romulan, Klingon) in the Star Trek franchise.

Budgetary and time constraints prevented the make-up and costuming departments from dressing up each Romulan in Vulcan ears as it was such a lengthy process applying them. So they hit on the idea of giving the lesser Romulans helmets, which were actually redressed Roman helmets from some of the studio's Biblical epics of the 1950s.

The only time in which the Enterprise Chapel is seen, also marking a rare symbol of real life secular Earth religions depicted in the Trek franchise.

While officiating at a wedding ceremony, Captain Kirk says, "Since the days of the first wooden vessels, all ship-masters have had one happy privilege: that of uniting two people in the bonds of matrimony." This is false; whatever the fictional Starfleet's regulations may be, the real life captains of seagoing ships have no particular power to perform weddings and, at least for the US, the UK, and Russia alias USSR, there is no evidence that they ever did. In fact the navies of these and various other countries have always specifically prohibited their commanding officers from performing marriage ceremonies.

While the Enterprise is laying in wait for the Romulan ship, both crews are whispering, and trying to make no other noises. However, there is no sound transmission in space, so this would be unnecessary. It may be a "tip of the hat" to the submarine movie, The Enemy Below.

When the order to fire phasers is given, the ship is shown firing what, in most other episodes, are called photon torpedoes. When the nuclear device is detonated and Enterprise crew members are thrown about the bridge, Lt. Uhura is "thrown" in the opposite direction of all the other crew.

15 Shore Leave

December 29, 1966

"Captain, take cover! There's a samurai after me!"

- Sulu

The past three months has left the crew of the Enterprise exhausted and in desperate need of a break, but does this explain McCoy's encounter with a human-sized white rabbit or Kirk crossing paths with the prankster who plagued his days at Starfleet Academy?

Director: Robert Sparr
Writer: Theodore Sturgeon

Guest starring: Emily Banks, Oliver McGowan, Perry Lopez, Bruce Mars, Barbara Baldavin, Marcia Brown, Sebastian Tom, Shirley Bonne, John Carr, William Blackburn, James Gruzaf, Paul Baxley, Vince Deadrick, Irene Sale

The role of Yeoman Barrows was probably written for Yeoman Rand, who disappeared from the series before "Shore Leave" filming began, due to Grace Lee Whitney's alcoholism.

The first hallucination seen in the episode is Dr. McCoy's vision of the giant white rabbit. Six years later, DeForest Kelley would make his final non-"Star Trek" film, Night of the Lepus (1972), a movie about giant killer rabbits.

"Shore Leave" is the only episode in which the U.S.S. Enterprise is seen orbiting a planet from right to left. The shot was deliberately reversed in post-production because the shape of the Eastern United States and the Caribbean sea could clearly be seen on the globe used as a model for the planet.

Shore Leave was being rewritten as it was being shot. Cast members recalled Gene Roddenberry sitting under a tree, frantically reworking the script to keep it both under budget and within the realms of believability. As a result the filming went over schedule and took seven days instead of the usual six and was shot on the same wildlife reserve that Daktari (1966) was filmed.

This is the first time (in broadcast order) Captain Kirk calls Doctor McCoy "Bones".

This episode is responsible for one of the more famous statements of the era, known as "Sturgeon's Law." When renowned author Theodore Sturgeon told a friend that he was writing an episode of "Star Trek," the man replied, "Ted! Don't you know 90% of television is crap?" His now-iconic response: "Ninety per cent of everything is crap."

Before Yeoman Barrows changes into the "damsel in distress" gown, her uniform is very torn on her right side (from "Don Juan"), but when she changes out of the dress and back into her uniform, her uniform is only slightly torn and on her left side. Still later when she is standing at attention with Sulu and Rodriguez (and for the remainder of the show) her uniform is completely in tact.

After Mr. Spock beams down and speaks to Kirk and Sulu, the three of them walk away from the camera in a medium-to-long shot. Just before the scene cuts away from them, bluish puffs of smoke (probably from a crew member smoking) can be seen issuing from the lower left side of the screen.

Episode: Shore Leave

Yeoman Barrows isn't the only one with a wardobe malfunction in this episode. Kirk fights Finnegan, his old nemesis from the Academy, leaving his shirt ripped and torn beyond repair.

16 The Galileo Seven

January 5, 1967

"Mr. Scott, there are always alternatives."

- Mr. Spock

A shuttle craft under Mr. Spock's command is forced to land on a hostile planet. His emotionless approach to command does not sit well with some crew members, particularly Lieutenant Boma who challenges Spock at every opportunity. The Enterprise and Captain Kirk meanwhile have only a short time to find the lost shuttle craft as they must deliver urgent medical supplies to Markus III in only a few days.

Director: Robert Gist and Oliver Crawford
Writer: Oliver Crawford and Shimon Wincelberg

Guest starring: Don Marshall, John Crawford, Peter Marko, Phyllis Douglas, Rees Vaughn, Grant Woods, Robert Maffei, David L. Ross, Frank da Vinci, Gary Coombs

First Star Trek episode to focus around Spock rather than Kirk as the main character. Spock's rationale for wanting to leave a crew member behind to save others was the fist instance on the series of his use of the Vulcan axiom regarding the needs of the many outweighing the needs of the few or the one.

The shuttle craft was built by AMT in exchange for them gaining the rights to make the toy version.

The episode was originally to include Janice Rand, but the script replaced her with Yeoman Meares following Grace Lee Whitney's dismissal from the series.

Contrary to the popular Star Trek trend, all of the deaths on this episode are of gold-shirted crew members, not red shirts.

Lieutenant Boma reappeared in the Star Trek book, Dreadnought, by Diane Carey, where it is revealed that his experience under Spock's command transformed him into an alien-hating bigot, and that Scotty pushed to have Boma court-martialed based on his behavior towards Spock.

The creature then throws his shield down aiming for the team. As the shield enters the shot, it is relatively normal sized, usable by humans. When the team inspect it closer, it is almost as big as the 3 men.

McCoy states that the partial pressure of oxygen on the planet is 70 mm of mercury, with nitrogen at 140 mm Hg and trace elements comprising the rest, calling it "breathable", whereas in fact it is far from breathable - the overall pressure is very low and the oxygen level is far too low.

Boma returns to the shuttle to tell Mr. Spock that he is ready for Latimer's burial service. Before he enters the shuttle doors open and a hand can be seen pulling the left side upper door (as viewed from inside the shuttle) open. A few moments later as he exits the shuttle the same hand can be seen closing the the bottom part of the door up (before the two top doors slide inward).

The Enterprise diverts to investigate a quasar, except that there are no quasars in the Milky Way or any other galaxy remotely close to ours. The error was likely due to the lack of knowledge at the time as to what quasars truly were and how far away they actually were, namely super-massive black holes consuming the gas and dust present in the center of active galaxies many millions or billions of light years away.

Although the Galileo makes an emergency launch from the planet's surface with only enough fuel to make one orbit before decaying to a fiery reentry of the planet's surface, the "special effects" clearly show the Galileo flying through interstellar space. Primitive as the special effects are considered by today's standards, orbital versus interstellar graphics were correctly used throughout most of this series.

17 The Squire of Gothos

January 12, 1967

"Trelane! Stop that nonsense at once or you'll not be permitted to make any more planets!"

- Trelane's Father

The Enterprise finds itself at the mercy of a seemingly omnipotent being who fancies himself a 18th century Englishman.

Director: Don McDougall
Writer: Paul Schneider

Guest starring: William Campbell, Richard Carlyle, Michael Barrier, Venita Wolf, Barbara Babcock, James Doohan, Gary Coombs

In his book, Q-Squared, author Peter David related that Trelane was an adolescent Q entity.

William Campbell, who plays Trelane, would later play a different character in the classic Star Trek: The Trouble with Tribbles (1967). Campbell has said that the part of Trelane was really written for Roddy McDowall. The reason why it was eventually decided not to use him was that it was feared that the mannerisms of the character combined with McDowall's look would make the character appear gay. Campbell was chosen because his huskier look/build would offset the foppish mannerisms of the character.

The voices of Trelane's parents were provided by Barbara Babcock, who played several other guest characters in various different Star Trek (1966), episodes, and Bart La Rue who, in real life was one of James Doohan's (Scotty) best friends, and the best man at Doohan's 1974 wedding to Wende Doohan. (It is sometimes incorrectly reported that Doohan himself provided the father voice.)

When McCoy, DeSalle and Jaeger first enter Trelane's castle, immediately to their left they are startled by a creature. This is the salt creature costume from Star Trek: The Man Trap (1966).

The Squire has watched Earth events from 1804 (Alexander Hamilton's death, Napoléon Bonaparte's Empire, etc.), which is said by various characters to be "900 years ago," suggesting that the show is taking place in 2704. This is contradicted elsewhere in the series, where the present date is given as sometime between 2100 and 2400. Eventually it was decided that this show takes place in 2267.

18 Arena

January 19, 1967

"The Enterprise is dead in space, stopped cold during her pursuit of an alien raider by mysterious forces. And I have been somehow whisked off the bridge and placed on the surface of an asteroid, facing the captain of the alien ship. Weaponless, I face the creature the Metrons called a 'Gorn'. Large, reptilian... Like most Humans, I seem to have an instinctive revulsion to reptiles. I must fight to remember that this is an intelligent, highly advanced individual, the captain of a starship like myself. Undoubtedly, a dangerously clever opponent."

- Captain James T. Kirk [narrating]

When a mysterious reptilian alien race known as the Gorn destroy an Earth colony, the Enterprise gives chase to the Gorn ship, leading them to an unexplored solar system. As Kirk prepares to destroy the Gorn ship another race of powerful aliens called the Metrons intervenes and forces both captains to face off in mortal combat. The main purpose of this one-on-one duel is to solve their dispute, the winner will be released and the loser will be destroyed along with his ship and crew.

Director: Joseph Pevney and Fredric Brown
Writer: Gene L. Coon

Guest starring: Jerry Ayres, Grant Woods, Tom Troupe, James Farley, Carole Shelyne, Sean Kenney, Vic Perrin, Ted Cassidy, Bobby Clark, Gary Coombs

The first episode to establish that the Enterprise's cruising speed was warp 6, and the first episode that photon torpedoes were used.

The colony where the story opens is called Cestus 3, a name which foreshadows the main theme. A cestus was a Roman boxing glove fitted out with deadly weapons such as spikes, and used by gladiators in the arena. The Cestus Three outpost is a re-use of the Alamo set.

Ted Cassidy (Lurch of The Addams Family (1964) has his final Star Trek role as the voice of the Gorn. Cassidy had also voiced the antagonist in Star Trek: The Corbomite Maneuver (1966) and appeared as Ruk in Star Trek: What Are Little Girls Made Of? (1966), which aired in reverse order to compared to their filming dates.

The investigative program MythBusters: Mini Myth Mayhem (2009) tested Kirk's idea of constructing a working weapon out of bamboo and black powder, and judged it implausible.

An improperly rigged explosion caused lifelong hearing damage and tinnitus for both William Shatner and Leonard Nimoy.

Although it was not intentional, Desilu's legal department realized that Gene L. Coon's screenplay strongly resembled a novella of the same name by Fredric Brown. To deal with the difficulty, Brown was telephoned about the matter and he agreed to an official credit for the story.

The Gorn is not seen until 23 minutes in, almost halfway through the running time. Despite this alien's impressive debut, the Gorn only appears in one episode of the first star trek series, but its popularity and striking appearance has led to appearances in numerous spin-off productions.

  • A Gorn appeared in the Star Trek: The Animated Series episode "The Time Trap".

  • In 2005, an episode of Star Trek: Enterprise featured a Gorn (albeit in the Mirror Universe) in the episode "In a Mirror, Darkly Part II". In that episode, the Gorn (whose name was Slar and was designed and rendered using computer animation, and looked different from the original appearance) was an overseer of a group of slaves belonging to the Mirror Universe's Tholians in an attempt to steal technology from the Constitution-class NCC-1764 Defiant which had been transferred into the Mirror Universe from ours. Slar hid in the ship's corridors and killed several crewmembers until it was killed by Jonathan Archer.
  • A Gorn was slated to appear in the movie Star Trek: Nemesis as a friend of Worf at Riker's bachelor party, according to an interview given by John Logan to Star Trek Communicator in 2003, but the scene was not in the final version of the film.
  • Gorn's have appeared in a number of Star Trek video games and books.
  • Dr. McCoy referred to performing an emergency delivery of a brood of eight Gorn, noting "those little bastards bite!" in the 2013 film Star Trek Into Darkness. This is most likely a reference to the 2013 video game Star Trek due to McCoy performing a c-section of a Gorn in the game.
  • A Gorn was seen in the Family Guy episode "The Kiss Seen Around the World", The Big Bang Theory season 4 episode "The Apology Insufficiency", The Big Bang Theory Season 5 episode "The Transporter Malfunction", Robot Chicken Season 6 "In Bed Surrounded by Loved Ones", and in the film Paul (2011), where Graeme Willy (Simon Pegg) and Clive Gollings (Nick Frost) are shown playing with a Gorn mask.

In the final scene Sulu states that, "All of the sudden we're clear across the galaxy". Kirk is unconcerned by that declaration, but as we know from Star Trek: Voyager, if they were thrown to the other side of the galaxy it would take them approximately 75 years to get back.

Episode: "Arena"
Ensign O'Herlihy Security Officer
- Vaporized by Gorn weapon

Episode: Arena

Ok, Kirk DOES NOT rip or loose his shirt in this episode, but how is that possible when he spends a whole day fighting a Gorn? This seems like a missed opportunity for a shirtless Shatner.

19 Tomorrow is Yesterday

January 26, 1967

"Captain's log, stardate 3113.2. We were en route to Starbase 9 for resupply when a black star of high gravitational attraction began to drag us toward it. It required all warp power in reverse to pull us away from the star. But like snapping a rubber band, the breakaway sent us plunging through space, out of control, to stop here - wherever we are."

- Captain James T. Kirk

The Enterprise collides with a black hole and is thrown back to Earth in the 20th century, where they must find a way back and erase any trace of their presence. Matters become complicated when they rescue an Air Force pilot and cannot return him without changing history... but if he disappears that will change history as well.

Director: Michael O'Herlihy
Writer: D.C. Fontana

Guest starring: Roger Perry, Hal Lynch, Richard Merrifield, Ed Peck, Mark Dempsey, Jim Spencer, Sherri Townsend

This episode was originally written as the second half of a two-parter. The first half of the story was the plot of Star Trek: The Naked Time (1966). They were rewritten as stand alone stories before being filmed.

This is one of the rare occasions in which it can be seen that the middle finger on actor James Doohan's (Scotty) right hand is missing. He took great pains to conceal its absence during the series, but he is leaning on that hand - with only three fingers visible - when he informs Captain Kirk that the engines can be repaired, but that there is nowhere for them to go in the 20th century.

The Enterprise crew intercepts a radio report that the first manned moon shot will take place on Wednesday. Apollo 11 was launched nearly two years after the filming on July 16th 1969, a Wednesday (below left). Captain Kirk says the first moon shot was in the late 1960s. This was the first prediction of the correct decade of this accomplishment in a major science fiction work. Previous motion pictures and television series put the first lunar mission sometime in the 1970s at the earliest. The episode aired one day before the tragic Apollo 1 fire of January 27th 1967 which killed 3 astronauts.

Spock says that Captain Christopher's son headed the first Earth-Saturn probe. In 2004, the Cassini-Huygens spacecraft (above right) reached Saturn and its moons. There, the spacecraft began orbiting the system, beaming back information, and the Huygens probe entered the murky atmosphere of Titan, Saturn's biggest moon. Huygens descended via parachute onto its surface and reported its findings. While there is no Colonel Shaun Geoffrey Christopher on the Cassini project, the timing is just about right.

Roger Perry liked his Starfleet uniform so much, he asked DeForest Kelley if he could take the shirt home. Kelley replied, "Well, they frown upon that. But you could possibly just stick it into your bag, and nobody's going to say anything." Perry decided not to do that, but after seeing the eventual success and legacy of Star Trek, he regretted he didn't take the shirt home.

Roger Perry was born on May 7th, 1933 in Davenport, Iowa, USA. He is an actor, known for Count Yorga, Vampire (1970), Arrest and Trial (1963) and The Thing with Two Heads (1972). He has been married to Joyce Bulifant (Airplane!, The Shining) since 2002. He was previously married to Jo Anne Worley of Laugh-In fame.

When the ship travels back in time, the air security guard and Captain Christopher's memory is affected, but no one else's is.

During the slingshot attempt around the Sun, the speeds the characters talk about are impossibly fast. For example, if the Enterprise were traveling at warp 8 between the Sun and the Earth, it would overshoot the Earth by millions of miles within minutes, yet the elapsed time between the Sun and the Earth is clearly about the speed of light even though the ship is supposedly traveling much faster.

The Enterprise is shown traveling across the sky in earth's atmosphere. The Enterprise would not be able to do this since it does not have the aerodynamic ability to fly through the air as an aircraft would do.

Captain Christopher is seated in his jet fighter. When he is beamed on board, he is standing instead of being still in a seated position.

20 Court Martial

February 2, 1967

"Given the same circumstances, I would do the same thing without hesitation. Because the steps I took, in the order I took them, were absolutely necessary, if I were to save my ship. And nothing is more important than my ship."

- Captain James T. Kirk

Captain Kirk's career is at stake when he is put on trial for the loss of a crewman during an ion storm.

Director: Marc Daniels and Don M. Mankiewicz
Writer: Don M. Mankiewicz and Stephen W. Carabatsos

Guest starring: Percy Rodriguez, Elisha Cook Jr., Joan Marshall, Hagan Beggs, Win de Lugo, Alice Rawlings, Nancy Wong, William Meader, Bart Conrad, Reginald Lal Singh, Richard Webb, Tom Curtis, Majel Barrett

This episode marks the only appearance of the female Starfleet formal uniform during Star Trek (1966) The Original Series, worn by Lt. Areel Shaw (Joan Marshall). Key differences between this uniform and the standard female uniform are a satin-like sheen, a gold braid on the edge of the collar, and a longer skirt length.

Producer Gene L. Coon contacted writer Don Mankiewicz with a proposal to write a compelling dramatic story which could be filmed using a single and easily constructed set. (For the final episode, of course, four new sets were constructed: Commodore Stone's office, Kirk's quarters on the starbase, the bar/lounge and the courtroom itself.) Mankiewicz came up with the idea of a courtroom drama, and wrote "Court-martial on Starbase Eleven". The script needed to be heavily re-written, but Mankiewicz was not available, so story editor Steven W. Carabatsos got the job. It was Carabatsos who shortened the title to "Court Martial".

Episode: Court Martial

In the hope of getting Kirk Court Martialled Ben Finney fakes his own death and then hides in the engineering section of the Enterprise. Kirk finds him and Finney rips his shirt.

At the beginning of his testimony, the computer announces Spock's rank as "lieutenant commander." Spock, however, is a full commander.

Although Kirk has no objection to his ex-girlfriend serving as his prosecutor during the court martial, there is no way in a system of justice based on precedent, the rule of law, and individual rights that she would ever be allowed to serve as the prosecutor for his case due to an obvious conflict of interest.

When McCoy is eliminating heartbeats, he positions the device to the center of Mr. Spock's chest. It has already been established (in Mudd's Women) that Vulcans do not have their heart located at that position.

There are four officers sitting on the court martial board. However, all courts martial always have an odd number of officers sitting so there would be no tied vote.

In the bar scene near the beginning of the episode, a number of starfleet officers are wearing the Enterprise emblem on their uniforms, even though they are not Enterprise crew members.

21 The Return of the Archons

February 9, 1967

"Captain's log, stardate 3156.2. While orbiting planet Beta III, trying to find some trace of the starship Archon that disappeared here a hundred years ago, a search party consisting of two Enterprise officers were sent to the planet below. Mr. Sulu has returned, but in a highly agitated mental state. His condition requires I beam down with an additional search detail."

- Captain James T. Kirk

The Enterprise travels to Beta III to learn the fate of the U.S.S. Archon, gone missing a century earlier and encounters a seemingly peaceful civilization run by a "benevolent" being named Landru... who intends for them to join his people.

Director: Joseph Pevney and Gene Roddenberry
Writer: Boris Sobelman

Guest starring: David L. Ross, Ralph Maurer, Sean Morgan, Christopher Held, Morgan Farley, Jon Lormer, Charles Macaulay, Sid Haig, Brioni Farrell, Torin Thatcher, Harry Townes, Bobby Clark, Barbara Weber, Miko Mayama

Contains the first mention of the Prime Directive of noninterference, which the plot brings up only so that Kirk can violate it.

This is the first episode in which Scotty assumes command of the ship.

In the dungeon, Kirk and Spock subdue Landru's guards, Spock punches the guard in the face with his fist instead of using the Vulcan neck pinch. Kirk even comments "isn't that old fashioned". This is the first instance of Spock hitting another character in the face with his fist.

All the regulars on the show were quitting smoking at the same time, so, many chewed gum instead. Director Joseph Pevney was becoming increasingly upset, because he had to cut to remind the cast not to chew gum during the shoots. As a prank for a large scene, William Shatner went around handing out bubble gum to the cast, crew and 60-80 extras, and had everyone blow a bubble right after the director hollered "Action".

Landru's hive minded society captures and incorporates individuals in a manner similar to the Borg Collective in the later Star Trek series.

Jon Lormer ("Tamar") had appeared as Dr. Theodore Haskins in Star Trek: The Cage (1986) and later played the old man in Star Trek: For the World Is Hollow and I Have Touched the Sky (1968). This is the first appearance for actor Charles Macaulay, who is the projection of Landru (right). He appears again as Jaris, ruler of Argellius II, in the second season episode "Wolf in the Fold".

One of the background extras starts to cover his ears, mistaking the sound of the holographic Landru appearing for the crippling ultrasonic waves that would occur towards the end of the scene. You can see his fellow extra correcting his miss cue.

When Kirk records his Captain's Log for star date 3157.4, he's in a holding cell without any Starfleet equipment, yet he enters his log, reporting on the attack of his ship. (Scott could have done this, but not Captain Kirk.)

22 Space Seed

February 16, 1967

"Nothing ever changes, except man. Your technical accomplishments?
Improve a mechanical device and you may double productivity,
but improve man and you gain a thousandfold. I am such a man."

- Khan Noonien Singh

The Enterprise discovers an historically unrecorded 20th century Earth ship traveling through space with 72 scientifically advanced humans in suspended animation (a remnant from Earth's Eugenics Wars of the 1990s). Visiting this vessel automatically revives Khan, their charismatic leader with five times the strength and ambition of regular humans, who immediately attracts the attentions of ship historian Lt. Marla McGivers. While Kirk and Spock slowly learn he is Khan Noonien Singh, the last and greatest of Earth's tyrants, Khan uses both Marla and the ship's library to revive his superhuman compatriots and take over the Enterprise.

Director: Marc Daniels and Carey Wilbur
Writer: Gene L. Coon and Carey Wilbur

Guest starring: Ricardo Montalban, John Arndt, Jan Reddin, Joan Johnson, Joan Webster, Bobby Bass, Madlyn Rhue, Blaisdell Makee, Mark Tobin, Kathy Ahart, Barbara Baldavin, Gary Coombs, Chuck Couch

Being a first season episode, Chekov (Walter Koenig) does not appear. Nevertheless, Chekov does appear in the film Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982), in which Khan not only meets but instantly recognizes him. Many fan theories subsequently tried to explain where Chekov could have been off-screen during that episode that would cause Khan to remember him. Walter Koenig himself came up with a story, which he likes to recite at conventions, that Khan, during the events of Space Seed, desperately needed to go to the bathroom, but the only toilet he could find was occupied, and when it was opened, Chekov walked out and Khan resolved never to forget Chekov's face. The Wrath of Khan novelization by Vonda N. McIntyre does officially explain that Chekov was working in Engineering when Khan began his rebellion there (and most of that happened off-camera), and it was because of Chekov's valiance in resisting that he was promoted to the Bridge for the series' second season.

Ricardo Montalban (Khan Noonien Singh) and Madlyn Rhue (Lt. Marla McGivers) had played a romantic couple together previously in Bonanza: Day of Reckoning (1960, above right). Montalban portrayed Matsou, a Bannock Indian, and Rhue played Hatoya, his Shoshone Indian wife.

The Botany Bay model was later recycled as an ore freighter in Star Trek: The Ultimate Computer (1968).

First mention of the Eugenics Wars, a vague backstory used as a "macguffin" in numerous Trek productions. The Eugenics Wars took place from 1992-1996.

Carey Wilber used the 18th century British custom of shipping out the undesirables as a parallel for his concept of "seed ships", used to take unwanted criminals out to space from the overpopulated Earth (hence the name Botany Bay). Is his original treatment, the Botany Bay left Earth in 2096, with 100 criminals (both men and women) and a team of a few volunteering lawmen aboard. Gene Roddenberry questioned Carey Wilber's notion of wasting a high-tech spaceship and expensive resources on criminals - just like Kirk and Spock did come up with the same question in the story itself - and came up with the concept of "a bunch of Napoleons" sent to space in exile.

In writer Carey Wilber's original treatment, Khan Noonien Singh is a Nordic superman named Harold Erricson. This evolved in the first draft, where the character first introduces himself as John Ericsson, but is later revealed to be Ragnar Thorwald, who was involved in "the First World Tyranny". Thorwald is more brutal in this version of the story, where he dispatches the guard outside his quarters with a phaser.

This episode inspired two of the Star Trek films: Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan (1982), in which Ricardo Montalban (above left) once again played the role; and Star Trek Into Darkness (2013), in which Benedict Cumberbatch (above right) takes over the role.
A line of Kirk at the end of the episode was scripted but cut from the filmed episode, saying he hopes Khan and his followers will not come looking after them.

As Khan wakes up, he asks Kirk how long he's been asleep. Kirk answers "two centuries." An answer of "three centuries" would have been much closer to the truth. Kirk would have known that Khan left Earth in the late 20th Century. Star Trek was taking place nearly 300 years later. But this was not decided until Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan. Gene Roddenberry always left the date ambiguous, and the reference here is directly contradicted by Star Trek: The Squire of Gothos.
Although Lt. Kyle (wearing a blue tunic) is operating the transporter device when the team (including Scotty) beams to the Botany Bay, stock footage of James Doohan's hands and red sleeves (with Lt. Commander rank stripes) are seen in the close-up shot.
When Kirk is punching out the glass of Khan's stasis chamber, McCoy's phaser drops from his belt. DeForest Kelly looks quickly around, flummoxed about whether that is enough to call "Cut" or to continue the scene. He opts for the latter and the scene goes on.

After Kirk's conversation with Khan in Khan's quarters, the extra playing a security guard changes between shots of Kirk leaving.

23 A Taste of Armageddon

February 23, 1967

"The best diplomat I know is a fully activated phaser bank."

- Montgomery "Scotty" Scott

On a mission to establish diplomatic relations at Star Cluster NGC321, Kirk and Spock beam down to planet Eminiar 7 to learn that its inhabitants have been at war with a neighboring planet for over 500 years. They can find no damage nor evidence of destruction but soon learn that their war is essentially a war game, where each planet attacks the other in a computer simulation with the tabulated victims voluntarily surrendering themselves for execution after the fact. When the Enterprise becomes a victim in the computer simulation and ordered destroyed, Kirk decides it's time to show them exactly what war means.

Director: Joseph Pevney and Robert Hamner
Writer: Robert Hamner and Gene L. Coon

Guest starring: David Opatoshu, Gene Lyons, Barbara Babcock, Miko Mayama, Sean Kenney, Robert Sampson, Ron Veto, Eddie Paskey, John Burnside, Frank da Vinci, William Blackburn

First episode to establish the United Federation of Planets as the principal service to which the Enterprise operated under. In previous episodes, vague and often conflicting references were made to this service. Such references included "Space Command", "Space Central", the "Star Service", and "United Earth Space Probe Agency" (the latter even abbreviated as UESPA, pronounced by Captain Kirk as "you spah" in Star Trek: Charlie X (1966)). UESPA would later go on to be the principal service to which the Enterprise NX-01 operated under on Star Trek: Enterprise (2001), which is set in a time when the Federation has not been firmly established.

Crewman DePaul is played by Sean Kenney, who portrayed the injured Captain Pike in Star Trek: The Menagerie: Part I (1966)/ Star Trek: The Menagerie: Part II (1966).

Scotty's refusal to lower the shields against orders is based on an actual story from James Doohan's military service.

When Mea 3 escorts the landing part from the beam-down area to the council chamber, the transition of scenes is conveyed not through a cut or a dissolve, but through a wipe-the only time such an effect was used in the original series.

Spock refers to himself in this episode as a "Vulcanian" rather than a Vulcan, one of very few times in the series where the longer synonym is spoken. Also, the Enterprise's protection is called screens rather than shields.

The Eminians attack the Enterprise with a sonic weapon. However, sonics would not be effective against an orbiting starship, as the vacuum of space (or high atmosphere) would not conduct sonic energy.

24 This Side of Paradise

March 2, 1967

"Captain's log, stardate 3417.7. Except for myself, all crew personnel have transported to the surface of the planet, mutinied. Lieutenant Uhura has effectively sabotaged the communications station. I can only contact the surface of the planet. The ship can be maintained in orbit for several months, but even with automatic controls, I cannot pilot her alone. In effect, I am marooned here. I'm beginning to realize... just how big this ship really is. How quiet. I don't know how to get my crew back, how to counteract the effect of the spores. I don't know what I can offer against... paradise."

- Captain James T. Kirk

The Enterprise is ordered to clean up the aftermath of a doomed colony on Omicron Ceti III, a planet under constant irradiation from deadly Berthold Rays. Upon arrival, however, the colonists aren't only alive but in perfect health, with no desire to leave their new world. They are in fact under the influence of plant spores which not only keep them in good and improved health but simultaneously keep them in a placid state of happiness and contentment. Mr Spock reacquaints with Leila Kalomi, an old friend who had been (and still is) in love with him. She leads Spock into being affected by the spores, and he is thereafter, for the first time, able to express love for her in return. Eventually the entire ship's crew is affected, leaving Kirk alone to wonder how he can possibly rescue them from perpetual bliss.

Director: Ralph Senensky and D.C. Fontana
Writer: D.C. Fontana

Guest starring: Jill Ireland, Frank Overton, Michael Barrier, Dick Scotter, Eddie Paskey, Bobby Bass, Sean Morgan, Fred Shue, Grant Woods, John Lindesmith, Bill Catching

Leonard Nimoy stated that Charles Bronson was on set during his love scenes with Jill Ireland (left), to "keep an eye on her." This made Leonard Nimoy nervous whenever he had to kiss Jill Ireland. Ireland was still married to David McCallum (The Man From U.N.C.L.E.) at the time of filming, and didn't marry Bronson until 1968.

Spock hints that contrary to the common misconception that Vulcans have one and only one name, he has more than one name, like most humans, but when asked, all he says about it is: "You couldn't pronounce it."

In Jerry Sohl's original draft (first titled "Power Play," then "The Way of The Spores"), it was Lt. Sulu who was infected by the spores and was able to fall in love with Leila. Displeased with D.C. Fontana's rewrite, Sohl was credited under the pseudonym Nathan Butler.

Leila says to Spock, "I've never seen a starship before." She is a space colonist that arrived to the colony four years ago and met Spock six years ago, so how did she arrive on the planet if not by starship?

Sulu says he wouldn't know the danger if it were "2 feet away" from him. It is repeatedly established that the Federation and Starfleet use the metric system. During the last scene of the episode, on the bridge, Kirk says "inch" instead of "centimeter".

25 The Devil in the Dark

March 9, 1967

"I'm a doctor, not a bricklayer."

- Dr. Leonard "Bones" McCoy

Kirk investigates a series of grisly murders on a mining planet that are the work of a seemingly hostile alien creature that seems to appear out nowhere then disappears just as quickly.

Director: Joseph Pevney
Writer: Gene L. Coon

Guest starring: Ken Lynch, Brad Weston, Biff Elliot, George E. Allen, Jon Cavett, Janos Prohaska, Dick Dial, Davis Roberts, Barry Russo, Eddie Paskey, Frank da Vinci

This was William Shatner's favorite episode. Leonard Nimoy also identified this episode's closing banter between Spock and Kirk as one of his favorite scenes to perform.

First time McCoy uses the saying "I'm a doctor, not a ..." (In this case, its brick layer).

When William Shatner, on the set, got the call from his mother informing him about his father's death, the crew was ready to shut down production, but he insisted on continuing. During the rest of the day, Shatner took comfort in Leonard Nimoy, and cinematographer Gerald Perry Finnerman, whose father had died on a movie set less than seven years before. Later, Shatner was in Florida for his father's funeral while nearly all of Spock's "mind meld" scene with the Horta was shot. His screen double is shown from behind in several of the shots and all of Kirk's "reaction" shots were made after he returned. In a book about Star Trek, it was reported that after William Shatner returned from the funeral, to put everyone at ease, as he was trying to do his lines following Mr. Spock's mind meld with the Horta and his cry of "AHH! PAIN! PAIN! PAIN!" Leonard Nimoy just spoke the words so Shatner told him to do it again with feeling. When "Spock" again said "AHH! PAIN! PAIN! PAIN! " Shatner yelled out, "WILL SOMEBODY PLEASE GET THIS VULCAN AN ASPRIN!"

When Kirk and the Horta have squared off against each other, and Spock enters, there's a two-angle back-and-forth. When the camera is directly at Kirk, he is kneeling with a phaser in his right hand. When the angle switches to Kirk at left, Spock far center, Kirk is kneeling but with a communicator in his left hand. The change goes back and forth a couple of times.

Episode: "The Devil in the Dark"
Crewman (didn't even have a name) Security Officer
- Killed by the Horta

26 Errand of Mercy

March 23, 1967

"It's a very large universe, Commander, full of people who don't like the Klingons."

- Captain James T. Kirk

The Klingons and the Federation are poised on the brink, and then war is declared. Kirk and Spock visit the planet Organia. Organia, inhabited by simple pastoral folk, lies on a tactical corridor likely to be important in the coming conflict. Whichever side controls the planet has a significant advantage. But the Organians are a perplexing people, apparently unconcerned by the threat of the Klingon occupation or even the deaths of others in their community. Finally, Kirk and the Klingon commander Kor learn why, and the reason will change Federation/Klingon relations for decades to come.

Director: John Newland
Writer: Gene L. Coon

Guest starring: John Abbott, John Colicos, Peter Brocco, Victor Lundin, David Hillary Hughes, Walt Davis, George Sawaya, Bobby Bass, Gary Coombs

Introduces the Klingon Empire. Klingons were named after Gene Roddenberry's friend, Bob Clingan. The Klingon Lieutenant played by Victor Lundin walks into the room ahead of John Colicos (Kor), making him the first Klingon to appear on screen in any Trek production.

In the original broadcast, we never saw visuals of the Klingon vessels either on the view screen or on exterior shots, but instead just explosions on the view screen where the Klingon vessels were supposed to be. In the "Remastered" release of Errand of Mercy in 2006, new shots of the D7 Klingon Battle Cruisers (designed and built for the show by Star Trek (1966) Art Director Mark Jefferies) have been digitally inserted into various shots, providing new visuals of the Klingon ships that were not present before. Due to this addition, this would now officially make this the first episode of the series to feature the D7 Klingon Battle Cruisers. Originally the D7s did not appear until the Third Season of the series and the original first episodes to feature them were Star Trek: The Enterprise Incident (1968) and Star Trek: Elaan of Troyius (1968), which were aired in reverse order from when they were filmed.

John Colicos (above) intended to reprise the role of Captain Kor in a later episode Star Trek: Day of the Dove (1968), but scheduling conflicts with Anne of the Thousand Days (1969) prevented this. The role of Captain Kang (Michael Ansara) was written to take the place of Kor, and the performances of both actors were so excellent that they became equally legendary. Kor makes appears in quite a number of Star Trek novels including "The Tears of the Singers", in which he allies with Kirk first against human criminals and then against a mutiny aboard his own ship. John Colicos reprised the role of a now-elderly Kor in a few episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (1993, above right).

When the Klingon officer informs Kor about Kirk and Spock's escape, we can see the boom microphone appear on the top right corner of the picture.

The Klingon military decree is written in English. Since the "universal translator" only applies to speech, the paper should be written in Klingon.

27 The Alternative Factor

March 30, 1967

"I fail to comprehend your indignation, sir.
I have simply made the logical deduction that you are a liar."

- Mr. Spock

While investigating and scanning an uncharted planet, the Enterprise encounters an alien named Lazarus who claims to be from an anti-matter universe.

Director: Gerd Oswald
Writer: Don Ingalls

Guest starring: Al Wyatt, Bill Catching, Tom Lupo, Robert Brown, Janet MacLachlan, Richard Derr, Arch Whiting, Christian Patrick, Eddie Paskey, Ron Veto, William Blackburn, Vince Calenti, Larry Riddle, Gary Coombs, Frank da Vinci

John Drew Barrymore was originally cast as Lazarus, but failed to show up for shooting and had to be replaced by Robert Brown, causing the episode to go two days over schedule. Star Trek (1966)'s producers subsequently filed and won a grievance with the Screen Actors Guild, which suspended Barrymore's SAG membership for 6 months. John Drew Barrymore, was an american actor with a sporadic career, the son of stage and screen legend John Barrymore. His father and mother, actress Dolores Costello divorced in his infancy and he claimed to remember seeing his father only once. Educated at private schools, he made his film debut at 17, billed as John Barrymore Jr. In 1958, he changed his middle name to Drew, and appeared in many low budget films and several TV series. However, Barrymore's social behavior obstructed any professional progress. In the 1960s, he was occasionally incarcerated for drug use, public drunkenness, and spousal abuse. Although he continued to appear occasionally on screen, he became more and more reclusive. Suffering from the same problems with addiction that had destroyed his father, Barrymore became a derelict. Estranged from his family, including his children, his lifestyle continued to worsen and his physical and mental health deteriorated. In 2003, daughter Drew Barrymore moved him near her home despite their estrangement, paying his medical bills until his death from cancer. He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contributions to television.

Actor Eddie Paskey appeared in 59 episodes of the original Star Trek (1966) series, 50 of them playing Lt. Leslie - a character name that came from William Shatner himself inserting his eldest daughter's first name (Leslie) into the show - but only in 'The Alternative Factor' does Eddie's role as Lt. Leslie ever appear in closing credits, and when it does - in contrast to the spelling by which it has become widely known and accepted - it is spelled L-E-S-L-E-Y.

28 The City on the Edge of Forever

April 6, 1967

"One day soon, man is going to be able to harness incredible energies, maybe even the atom... energies that could ultimately hurl us to other worlds in... in some sort of spaceship. And the men that reach out into space will be able to find ways to feed the hungry millions of the world and the cure their diseases. They will be able to find a way give each other hope and a common future. And those are the days worth living for."

- Edith Keeler

When an accident causes Dr. McCoy to go temporarily insane, he escapes to a strange planet and jumps through a time portal left behind by a superior, vanished civilization. McCoy ends up in the United States during the Great Depression, accidentally changes history and destroys the time line. Kirk and Spock follow him to prevent the disaster, but the price to do so is high.

Director: Joseph Pevney
Writer: Harlan Ellison

Guest starring: Joan Collins, Carey Loftin, Mary Statier, Bobby Bass, Michael Barrier, David Perna, John Harmon, Hal Baylor, Bart La Rue

When William Shatner and Joan Collins are walking together on the street, they pass in front of a shop with the name Floyd's Barber Shop clearly painted on the window. This is the same Floyd's Barber Shop which is often seen on The Andy Griffith Show (1960), adjacent to the sheriff's office, in the town of Mayberry.

The title of this episode refers to both the dead city on the time planet and New York itself, where the timeline will either be restored or disrupted. In Harlan Ellison's original script, Kirk, upon first seeing the city sparkling like a jewel on a high mountaintop, reverently says it looks like "a city on the edge of forever". In Ellison's first treatment for this episode, the city they travelled back in time to was Chicago.

In Harlan Ellison's original script was extensively rewritten by D.C. Fontana at Gene Roddenberry's behest. Ellison was very unhappy about this, even though the episode won numerous awards (including Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation) and is regarded as one of the classics. Originally, then-story editor Steven W. Carabatsos got the job to rewrite Harlan Ellison's script, but his draft was not used. Instead, Ellison agreed to make a rewrite himself, which was again deemed unsuitable. Producer Gene L. Coon also got himself into the rewriting and is mainly responsible for the small comical elements of the story. Finally, the new story editor, D.C. Fontana got the assignment to rewrite Ellison's script and make it suitable for the series. Fontana's draft was then slightly rewritten by Roddenberry to become the final shooting draft. Much of the finished episode is the product of Fontana, who went uncredited (as did all the other writers) for her contribution. Only two lines from Ellison's original teleplay survive in the final episode, both spoken by the Guardian: "Since before your sun burned hot in space, since before your race was born," and "Time has resumed its shape."

Early drafts of Ellison's teleplay included a guest character, Beckwith, an Enterprise crew member who dealt in addictive "Jewels of Sound". It was Beckwith who escaped into the past, via the Guardian of Forever. Gene Roddenberry asked him to change this element, on the grounds that no member of his crew would ever use or deal in illegal drugs. Also in Ellison's very first story outline, Beckwith was sentenced to death after he murdered LeBeque, and Kirk ordered his execution to take place on the next deserted planet the Enterprise comes across. Hence, they beam down with Beckwith and a firing squad to the Guardian Planet. None of that seems very much how Star Trek characters whould act and was very soon eliminated from the story. Ellison also wrote some other very un-Star Trek scenes in which the regular characters acted very much unlike their usual behavior. For example, Kirk and Spock got into a heavy argument when Spock, witnessing a street speaker calling out against foreign immigrants, called the human race barbaric. Kirk then claims he should've just left Spock to be lynched by the mob. Finnally, Ellison's original story, Beckwith's change of the past is revealed by members of the Enterprise team who are beamed back to the ship, only to find it is now a pirate vessel named the Condor. This idea was later used in Star Trek: Mirror, Mirror (1967).

This was the most expensive episode produced during the first season, with a budget of $245,316, and also the most expensive episode of the entire series, except the two pilots. The average cost of a first season episode was around $190,000. Also, production went one and half days over schedule, resulting in eight shooting days instead of the usual six.

Clark Gable, who was by no means a leading man in 1930, was not the original choice of reference. The final shooting draft of this script has Edith reference "a Richard Dix movie", but the crew on the set felt Dix's name wouldn't be familiar to viewers in the 1960s.

After Kirk and Spock talk about the "flop", the scene changes to a street view, where a kosher meat store, with a conspicuously large Star of David on its front, is displayed in the center of the scene. This is one of the very few times a human (Earth) religious symbol is displayed in this series.

The calendar in the background at the mission (when Edith Keeler talks to Kirk about a place to stay) shows a 30-day month, with Wednesday the 14th in red, indicating a holiday. However, none of the 30-day months in 1930 started on a Thursday, and the only month in the United States with an observance that is always on the 14th is June (Flag Day). In 1967 (this episode was filmed in February of that year), Flag Day fell on a Wednesday, therefore it is likely that this is a 1967 calendar.

As Kirk and Edith Keeler stroll through town, a radio plays "Goodnight, Sweetheart", a song from 1931.

One building front shows a fallout shelter sign, not used until after WWII.

Spock picks a combination lock to obtain tools. This type of single-dial combination padlock was first marketed by Master Lock in 1935, five years after the events of the episode, and the early models had a metal dial, with the plastic dial depicted on the show coming at least two decades later.

Kirk and Edith Keeler are going to "a Clark Gable movie" in 1930. Gable was only an extra until he got his first credited acting role in 1931, and only became star in 1934.

29 Operation - Annihilate!

April 13, 1967

"Captain's log, stardate 3289.8. I am faced with the most difficult decision of my life. Unless we find a way to destroy the creatures without killing their human hosts, my command responsibilities will force me to kill over a million people."

- Capatin James T. Kirk

The Enterprise crew attempts to stop a plague of amoeba-like creatures from possessing human hosts and spreading throughout the galaxy.

Director: Herschel Daugherty
Writer: Stephen W. Carabatsos

Guest starring: Dave Armstrong, Joan Swift, Maurishka Taliferro, Craig Hundley, Fred Carson, Jerry Catron, Gary Coombs, Bill Catching

This is one of only two episodes of the series that arguably contained "profanity". Dr. McCoy uses the expression "damnable logic" (which likely was softened from "damn" to get approval by the network's censors). During the 1960s, "damn" and "hell" were usually considered unacceptable on television (although Hell might be allowed in religious context). This remained the case until All in the Family came along in 1971. The other episode was Star Trek: The City on the Edge of Forever (1967), which ends with Kirk saying "Let's get the hell out of here."

The dead body of Sam Kirk (Captain Kirk's brother) was "played" by William Shatner (right), with added mustache and age makeup.

In this episode, Spock reveals that the brightness of the Vulcan sun has caused Vulcans to evolve a protective third, inner "eyelid". The proper name for this tissue, which is present in cats and some other animals, is the nictitating membrane.

What was the name of the official Deep Space Nine baseball team?

The Space Cowboys
The Giants
The Niners
Isotopes

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